Book 4 small groups

Book 4 small groups - Book 4: Small Groups (You may use...

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Book 4: Small Groups (You may use what you work out here for your 20 lines of text, due by Friday) Group 1: Satan in Paradise : Read lines 9-31. What does the Narrator reveal about Satan’s interior state here? Why do you think he “hates the sun” that he sees shining over Paradise? In the light, how do his memories cause him to come to terms with himself? Why do you think he uses economics and the idea of “payment” and “paying Off” to define his relationship with God? What does he say about his “burden”? How do his questions about his earlier status further illuminate his choices? How does he feel about “heavens free love” and why? (68-73). Why isn’t repentance an option for him (94-114). What is, finally, his option? What kind of knowledge is he bringing into Paradise? Group Answers (with Lauren Lowe, Rebecca Krumel, Caroline Carter, Michael Waites, and Brooke McAbee, Kailey Manley) Satan’s pain is the greatest here as he realizes that he is in continuous hell: he cannot escape it. (Where once he claimed that “The mind is its own place,” he now recognizes that his mind carries hell with him, even to paradise). He is deeply insecure. His description is disturbing (4.16-18). The sun reminds him of everything he has lost. There is a parallel between Satan and the sun, the rise and fall of that light, eternally. Here he doesn’t blame God for everything. He takes some responsibility. In Book 3 (on Free Will) we see a parallel to lines 55-77. All the turmoil, doubt and fear is because of his sin or his punishment for sin. As he considers repentance, however, he realizes that to repent would mean submission. He isn’t happy with just being grateful to God because he sees himself as God’s equal. He thinks of the other angels as God’s indentured servants, but he acknowledges now that gratefulness was the only payment he needed. He thinks in terms of calculation: everything is a matter of payment and exchange. But he isn’t even grateful for his creation; he considers too what would have happened if God had made him “some inferior” angel rather than the glorious angel he once was. He would still have fallen, because even in that case he might have been “won over” to error (as he himself corrupted others). He misses any sense of God’s grace and is ambivalent about free will. He’s trying to get sympathy from the reader (though now he’s only talking to himself
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Book 4 small groups - Book 4: Small Groups (You may use...

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