{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Consequences of ADHD slides

Consequences of ADHD slides - Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Sexual Behavior in Young Adulthood Background: Background: • Childhood ADHD is associated with lots of negative outcomes, including health risk behaviors – Academic, behavioral, social problems – Substance use – Risky driving – Risky sex? Research Questions: Research Questions: • Are children with ADHD more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors as adults? • What role does antisocial behavior (conduct problems) play? Participants: Participants: • 175 adult males ages 18­26 with ADHD • • • • • diagnosed in childhood 111 control males without ADHD 85% Caucasian Median income = $6,000 (<$5,000­$84,000) 69% attained partial college or technical training 9 married, 2 separated, 1 divorced Measures: Measures: • ADHD • Risky sexual behavior – Parent/teacher rating scales and interviews – Questionnaire • Age first sexual relations, intercourse • Casual sex, # partners, sex under influence, use of birth control, STDs, pregnancies • Childhood conduct problems – Parent/teacher rating scales Results: Results: • Sexual relations – 82% ADHD, 87% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group started at an earlier age than controls (16.34 versus 16.64) – 75% ADHD, 71% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group also started at an earlier age than controls (17.90 versus 18.39) • Sexual intercourse Results continued: Results continued: • ADHD group significantly more likely to have: – Casual sex during past year – Casual sex with infrequent condom use – Intercourse that led to pregnancy – More than 4 sexual partners (6.28 vs. 3.90) – Less use of reliable birth control (marginal) Results continued: Results continued: • ODD/CD diagnosis during childhood was associated with: – Casual sex – Multiple partners – Partner pregnancies – Infrequent condom use (marginal) • But, there was still an independent effect of ADHD Discussion: Discussion: • Why do individuals with ADHD have more risky sex? – Peer factors – Family factors – Core characteristics of ADHD (impulsivity) • Need for increased attention to preventing risky sexual behaviors among youth with ADHD Limitations: Limitations: • Can’t generalize findings to females or adolescents • Subjects may have under or over­reported sexual activity • Subjects may have under­reported STDs • Married participants may have skewed the findings ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online