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Unformatted text preview: Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Sexual Behavior in Young Adulthood Background: Background:
• Childhood ADHD is associated with lots of negative outcomes, including health risk behaviors
– Academic, behavioral, social problems – Substance use – Risky driving – Risky sex? Research Questions: Research Questions:
• Are children with ADHD more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors as adults? • What role does antisocial behavior (conduct problems) play? Participants: Participants:
• 175 adult males ages 1826 with ADHD • • • • •
diagnosed in childhood 111 control males without ADHD 85% Caucasian Median income = $6,000 (<$5,000$84,000) 69% attained partial college or technical training 9 married, 2 separated, 1 divorced Measures: Measures:
• ADHD • Risky sexual behavior
– Parent/teacher rating scales and interviews – Questionnaire • Age first sexual relations, intercourse • Casual sex, # partners, sex under influence, use of birth control, STDs, pregnancies • Childhood conduct problems
– Parent/teacher rating scales Results: Results:
• Sexual relations
– 82% ADHD, 87% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group started at an earlier age than controls (16.34 versus 16.64) – 75% ADHD, 71% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group also started at an earlier age than controls (17.90 versus 18.39) • Sexual intercourse Results continued: Results continued:
• ADHD group significantly more likely to have:
– Casual sex during past year – Casual sex with infrequent condom use – Intercourse that led to pregnancy – More than 4 sexual partners (6.28 vs. 3.90) – Less use of reliable birth control (marginal) Results continued: Results continued:
• ODD/CD diagnosis during childhood was associated with:
– Casual sex – Multiple partners – Partner pregnancies – Infrequent condom use (marginal) • But, there was still an independent effect of ADHD Discussion: Discussion:
• Why do individuals with ADHD have more risky sex?
– Peer factors – Family factors – Core characteristics of ADHD (impulsivity) • Need for increased attention to preventing risky sexual behaviors among youth with ADHD Limitations: Limitations:
• Can’t generalize findings to females or adolescents • Subjects may have under or overreported sexual activity • Subjects may have underreported STDs • Married participants may have skewed the findings ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '09