Consequences of ADHD slides

Consequences of ADHD slides - Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky...

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Unformatted text preview: Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Childhood ADHD Predicts Risky Sexual Behavior in Young Adulthood Background: Background: • Childhood ADHD is associated with lots of negative outcomes, including health risk behaviors – Academic, behavioral, social problems – Substance use – Risky driving – Risky sex? Research Questions: Research Questions: • Are children with ADHD more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors as adults? • What role does antisocial behavior (conduct problems) play? Participants: Participants: • 175 adult males ages 18­26 with ADHD • • • • • diagnosed in childhood 111 control males without ADHD 85% Caucasian Median income = $6,000 (<$5,000­$84,000) 69% attained partial college or technical training 9 married, 2 separated, 1 divorced Measures: Measures: • ADHD • Risky sexual behavior – Parent/teacher rating scales and interviews – Questionnaire • Age first sexual relations, intercourse • Casual sex, # partners, sex under influence, use of birth control, STDs, pregnancies • Childhood conduct problems – Parent/teacher rating scales Results: Results: • Sexual relations – 82% ADHD, 87% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group started at an earlier age than controls (16.34 versus 16.64) – 75% ADHD, 71% controls (ns) – But, ADHD group also started at an earlier age than controls (17.90 versus 18.39) • Sexual intercourse Results continued: Results continued: • ADHD group significantly more likely to have: – Casual sex during past year – Casual sex with infrequent condom use – Intercourse that led to pregnancy – More than 4 sexual partners (6.28 vs. 3.90) – Less use of reliable birth control (marginal) Results continued: Results continued: • ODD/CD diagnosis during childhood was associated with: – Casual sex – Multiple partners – Partner pregnancies – Infrequent condom use (marginal) • But, there was still an independent effect of ADHD Discussion: Discussion: • Why do individuals with ADHD have more risky sex? – Peer factors – Family factors – Core characteristics of ADHD (impulsivity) • Need for increased attention to preventing risky sexual behaviors among youth with ADHD Limitations: Limitations: • Can’t generalize findings to females or adolescents • Subjects may have under or over­reported sexual activity • Subjects may have under­reported STDs • Married participants may have skewed the findings ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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