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Unformatted text preview: Developmental considerations Developmental considerations
• Relevant for all children and adolescents • Crucial to consider developmental level when determining what constitutes normal and abnormal behavior • Undesirable behaviors can be considered normal if they are highly prevalent Development Development
• Generally proceeds in an organized, hierarchical manner • Important to become familiar with the normal developmental milestones, problem behaviors, and clinical disorders that are common to the preschooler, schoolaged child, and adolescent Preschool children: Normal Preschool children: Normal achievements
• Development of eating and sleeping • • • • •
patterns Attachment to caregivers Language development Toileting and other selfcare skills Development of selfcontrol Development of peer relationships Preschool children: Problem Preschool children: Problem behaviors
• “terrible twos”temper tantrums, needing lots of attention, refusal to comply • Bullying, lying • Oversensitivity, anxieties, phobias ***Not all of these behaviors are indicative of a major problem, but some can worsen as the child ages, particularly if not addressed early*** Preschool children: Clinical Preschool children: Clinical Disorders
• • • • • •
Mental retardation Autism Feeding disorders Speech and language disorders Some anxiety disorders (phobias) Problems stemming from abuse or neglect School aged children (612): School aged children (612): Normal achievements
• • •
Academic skills development Understanding of rules Development of skills needed to play rule governed games • Undertaking simple responsibilities, such as feeding a pet or making their bed • Peer relationships become more important School aged children (612): Problem behaviors
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Overactivity, temper problems Oversensitivity, jealousy Moodiness and mood swings Exaggerated worries because of limited knowledge and judgment • Academic and learning problems School aged children (612): Clinical disorders
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ADHD Learning disorders Conduct disorders To a lesser degree, depression and anxiety Adolescents: Normal achievements Adolescents: Normal achievements
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Development of romantic relationships Peers play a very important role Separation from family Development of personal identity Increase responsibilities, such as parttime job Adolescents: Problem behaviors
• Experimentation with drugs, alcohol, and • • • •
sexual activity Involvement in petty crimes, like vandalism or shoplifting Engagement in risky, illegal behaviors Mood and anxiety problems more common Conflicts with parents Adolescents: Clinical disorders
• • • • • •
Eating disorders Delinquency Suicide attempts Drug and alcohol abuse Anxiety and depression First signs of schizophrenia ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '09