{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Developmental slides - Developmental considerations...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Developmental considerations Developmental considerations • Relevant for all children and adolescents • Crucial to consider developmental level when determining what constitutes normal and abnormal behavior • Undesirable behaviors can be considered normal if they are highly prevalent Development Development • Generally proceeds in an organized, hierarchical manner • Important to become familiar with the normal developmental milestones, problem behaviors, and clinical disorders that are common to the preschooler, school­aged child, and adolescent Preschool children: Normal Preschool children: Normal achievements • Development of eating and sleeping • • • • • patterns Attachment to caregivers Language development Toileting and other self­care skills Development of self­control Development of peer relationships Preschool children: Problem Preschool children: Problem behaviors • “terrible twos”­­temper tantrums, needing lots of attention, refusal to comply • Bullying, lying • Over­sensitivity, anxieties, phobias ***Not all of these behaviors are indicative of a major problem, but some can worsen as the child ages, particularly if not addressed early*** Preschool children: Clinical Preschool children: Clinical Disorders • • • • • • Mental retardation Autism Feeding disorders Speech and language disorders Some anxiety disorders (phobias) Problems stemming from abuse or neglect School aged children (6­12): School aged children (6­12): Normal achievements • • • Academic skills development Understanding of rules Development of skills needed to play rule­ governed games • Undertaking simple responsibilities, such as feeding a pet or making their bed • Peer relationships become more important School aged children (6­12): Problem behaviors • • • • Over­activity, temper problems Over­sensitivity, jealousy Moodiness and mood swings Exaggerated worries because of limited knowledge and judgment • Academic and learning problems School aged children (6­12): Clinical disorders • • • • ADHD Learning disorders Conduct disorders To a lesser degree, depression and anxiety Adolescents: Normal achievements Adolescents: Normal achievements • • • • • Development of romantic relationships Peers play a very important role Separation from family Development of personal identity Increase responsibilities, such as part­time job Adolescents: Problem behaviors • Experimentation with drugs, alcohol, and • • • • sexual activity Involvement in petty crimes, like vandalism or shoplifting Engagement in risky, illegal behaviors Mood and anxiety problems more common Conflicts with parents Adolescents: Clinical disorders • • • • • • Eating disorders Delinquency Suicide attempts Drug and alcohol abuse Anxiety and depression First signs of schizophrenia ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online