Developmental slides

Developmental slides - Developmental considerations...

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Unformatted text preview: Developmental considerations Developmental considerations • Relevant for all children and adolescents • Crucial to consider developmental level when determining what constitutes normal and abnormal behavior • Undesirable behaviors can be considered normal if they are highly prevalent Development Development • Generally proceeds in an organized, hierarchical manner • Important to become familiar with the normal developmental milestones, problem behaviors, and clinical disorders that are common to the preschooler, school­aged child, and adolescent Preschool children: Normal Preschool children: Normal achievements • Development of eating and sleeping • • • • • patterns Attachment to caregivers Language development Toileting and other self­care skills Development of self­control Development of peer relationships Preschool children: Problem Preschool children: Problem behaviors • “terrible twos”­­temper tantrums, needing lots of attention, refusal to comply • Bullying, lying • Over­sensitivity, anxieties, phobias ***Not all of these behaviors are indicative of a major problem, but some can worsen as the child ages, particularly if not addressed early*** Preschool children: Clinical Preschool children: Clinical Disorders • • • • • • Mental retardation Autism Feeding disorders Speech and language disorders Some anxiety disorders (phobias) Problems stemming from abuse or neglect School aged children (6­12): School aged children (6­12): Normal achievements • • • Academic skills development Understanding of rules Development of skills needed to play rule­ governed games • Undertaking simple responsibilities, such as feeding a pet or making their bed • Peer relationships become more important School aged children (6­12): Problem behaviors • • • • Over­activity, temper problems Over­sensitivity, jealousy Moodiness and mood swings Exaggerated worries because of limited knowledge and judgment • Academic and learning problems School aged children (6­12): Clinical disorders • • • • ADHD Learning disorders Conduct disorders To a lesser degree, depression and anxiety Adolescents: Normal achievements Adolescents: Normal achievements • • • • • Development of romantic relationships Peers play a very important role Separation from family Development of personal identity Increase responsibilities, such as part­time job Adolescents: Problem behaviors • Experimentation with drugs, alcohol, and • • • • sexual activity Involvement in petty crimes, like vandalism or shoplifting Engagement in risky, illegal behaviors Mood and anxiety problems more common Conflicts with parents Adolescents: Clinical disorders • • • • • • Eating disorders Delinquency Suicide attempts Drug and alcohol abuse Anxiety and depression First signs of schizophrenia ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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