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Unformatted text preview: Historical overview Historical overview
• Through history, child mental health issues generally ignored • Late 1800’spsychologists, teachers, and others first began to recognize these issues
– Psychoanalytic theory (Freud) – Behaviorism (Watson) – Children considered servants/property ‘01 Surgeon General’s report
• Nation facing crisis in mental healthcare for infants, children, and adolescents • 1/10 children has severe mental or behavioral problem • Only 1/5 of these children get help • By 2020, childhood disorders will rise by over 50% Goals (’01 SG report) Goals (’01 SG report)
• • • • • •
Promote awareness/reduce stigma Develop scientificallyproven treatments Improve assessment methods Eliminate racial/ethnic/SES disparities Increase access to services Train frontline providers Why is child psychopathology Why is child psychopathology receiving all this attention?
• • • • •
Legal mandates Problems are common in children Lifelong consequences Predict adult disorders Few children are receiving the necessary help • Importance of early prevention programs Psychological disorder = Psychological disorder =
• Pattern of behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or physical symptoms • Must show distress (sadness, fear) • Must result in disability, such as interfering with functioning in one or more areas • Increased risk of further suffering and harm Important features of child and Important features of child and adolescent disorders
• Failure to show expected developmental • • • •
progress Behaviors may not be entirely abnormal Interventions promote further development Not selfreferred, therefore issues about whose problem is it Dependency on others ...
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- Fall '09