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Unformatted text preview: DSM Classification DSM Classification • Axis I: Clinical disorders • Axis II: Personality disorders, Mental retardation • Axis III: General medical conditions • Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental problems • Axis V: Global assessment of functioning Why include MR in a discussion of Why include MR in a discussion of psychopathology? • Children with MR are at greater risk for developing psychopathologies • Diagnosis of MR is contingent on problems other than just low IQ Diagnosis Diagnosis • Before 1959, based only on IQ • In 1959, adaptive behavior was added as a criterion, including: – Personal self­sufficiency – Community self­sufficiency – Personal­social responsibility DSM­IV criteria for MR: DSM­IV criteria for MR: • Subaverage intelligence defined as IQ score below 70 – 55­70 is mild MR – 40­54 is moderate MR – 25­39 is severe MR – Below 25 is profound MR • Deficits in adaptive behavior • Early onset (below age 18) Prevalence: Prevalence: • • • 3% of population using just IQ cutoffs 2% of population using full DSM criteria As many as three times more boys than girls have MR, probably because genetically linked disorders related to MR are mor...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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