Unformatted text preview: DSM Classification DSM Classification
• Axis I: Clinical disorders • Axis II: Personality disorders, Mental retardation • Axis III: General medical conditions • Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental problems • Axis V: Global assessment of functioning Why include MR in a discussion of Why include MR in a discussion of psychopathology?
• Children with MR are at greater risk for developing psychopathologies • Diagnosis of MR is contingent on problems other than just low IQ Diagnosis Diagnosis
• Before 1959, based only on IQ • In 1959, adaptive behavior was added as a criterion, including:
– Personal selfsufficiency – Community selfsufficiency – Personalsocial responsibility DSMIV criteria for MR: DSMIV criteria for MR:
• Subaverage intelligence defined as IQ score below 70
– 5570 is mild MR – 4054 is moderate MR – 2539 is severe MR – Below 25 is profound MR • Deficits in adaptive behavior • Early onset (below age 18) Prevalence: Prevalence:
• • •
3% of population using just IQ cutoffs 2% of population using full DSM criteria As many as three times more boys than girls have MR, probably because genetically linked disorders related to MR are mor...
View Full Document
- Fall '09
- Pathology, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, environmental problems, mild mr, Classification DSM Classification