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Unformatted text preview: Causes of anxiety disorder: Causes of anxiety disorder: Temperament
• Individuals differ in their reactions to novel or unexpected events • Some people are born with tendency to withdraw, be fearful/anxious • Can contribute to later anxiety disorders, but not inevitable • Probably depends on environment too Genetic and family risk: Genetic and family risk:
• Biological vulnerability to anxiety disorders • Tendency to be inhibited, tense, and fearful is inherited • No direct link between genetic markers and anxiety • Multiple genes likely play a role Neurobiological factors: Neurobiological factors:
• Behavioral inhibition system of brain more active in children with anxiety • Brain circuits can be shaped by early – Limbic system, amygdala, prefrontal cortex stress • GABA, norepinephrine, and serotonin all play a role (adults) • Research in children is limited Family influences: Family influences:
• Parenting practices such as rejection, • • • •
overcontrol, overprotection, and modeling of anxious behaviors Parents more critical and less positive Parents expect children to become anxious and believe they can’t cope Insecure attachments with parents Parent anxiety disorders Treatments: Treatments:
• Behavior therapy
– Exposure – Flooding – Response prevention – Systematic desensitization • Cognitivebehavioral therapy Bobby: Bobby:
• Severe OCD • Obsession—will spread germs and infect someone • Compulsions—washing hands frequently (30+ times daily), avoidance of touching things in public, praying (2 hours/day) Mark: Mark:
• GAD • Upcoming birthday party – What if wrong date on invitations? – What if weather is bad? – What if people can’t find his house? – What is some people don’t like the cake? – What if I already have a gift? ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '09