u5 - Infancy 1 Topic: Nutrition During Infancy Objectives:...

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Infancy 1 R.E. Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2010. Topic: Nutrition During Infancy Objectives: After reading the assigned material and attending class, the student will be able to: 1. discuss physical and physiological changes that affect infant feeding. 2. compare and contrast the use of breast milk and infant formula in meeting the nutritional needs of infants. 3. use growth charts to assess growth in infants. Reading Assignment: Chapter 8 Complete Growth Chart Example in outline (p. 17) before 3 rd lecture on Infancy - refer to growth charts available on E-Learning Lecture Outline: I. Introduction II. Healthy People 2010 Objectives 1. reduce infant deaths 2. reduce growth retardation 3. ensure appropriate newborn screening III. Infant Growth A. Size at birth 1. length of gestation 2. mother’s prepregnancy weight 3. mother’s weight gain 4. genetics
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Infancy 2 R.E. Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2010. B. Weight 1. lose weight initially 2. double birthweight by 4-6 months 3. triple birthweight by 1 year C. Recumbent length 1. increase by 50% at 1 year 2. double birth length by age 4 D. Head circumference E. Assessment of growth of infants and children Growth Charts: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts Birth-36 months; 5 th -95 th percentiles (available on HUN 3403 website): Boys Length-for-age and Weight-for-age Boys Head circumference-for-age and Weight-for-length Girls Length-for-age and Weight-for-age Girls Head circumference-for-age and Weight-for-length
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Infancy 3 R.E. Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2010. 1. normal growth a. 5 th – 95 th percentiles; growth channel b. may cross percentiles 2. need for further evaluation a. crossing percentiles 1) progressively upward or downward trends 2) crossing 2 percentile lines in 3 months in infants 3) crossing 2 percentile lines in 6 months after 1 year of age b. other markers 1) < 5 th or > 95 th percentiles 2) < 5 th percentile weight-for-length (weight-for-height) 3) < 5 th percentile length-for-age (height-for-age) 4) > 95 th percentile weight-for-length (BMI) 3. Other terminology: Weight-age Length-age
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Infancy 4 R.E. Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2010. IBW for age IBW for length F. Ethnic and gender differences in growth patterns G. Factors affecting growth potential IV. Physiologic Development A. GI tract 1. stomach capacity 2. digestion and absorption a. carbohydrate b. protein
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Infancy 5 R.E. Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2010. c.
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course HUN 3403 taught by Professor Henken during the Spring '07 term at University of Florida.

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u5 - Infancy 1 Topic: Nutrition During Infancy Objectives:...

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