u8 - Adulthood 1 Topic: Nutrition During Adulthood...

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Adulthood 1 R.E.Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2009. Topic: Nutrition During Adulthood Objectives: After reading the assigned material and attending class, the student will be able to: 1. identify factors that influence nutrient needs in adulthood. 2. describe the adequacy of current dietary intakes of American adults. 3. identify diet and lifestyle factors that affect chronic disease risk. Assignment: Chapters 16 & 17. Lecture Outline: I. Introduction II. Healthy People 2010 A. Increase proportion of adults who 1. consume > 6 daily servings of grain products 2. consume > 2 daily servings of fruit 3. consume > 3 daily servings of vegetables 4. consume < 10% of kcal from saturated fat 5. consume < 30% of kcal from total fat 6. engage in regular physical exercise 7. perform physical activities that enhance and maintain muscular strength 8. are at a healthy weight 9. visit physician offices for diagnosis of CVD, DM, hyperlipidemia that includes nutrition counseling and education B. Decrease the proportion of adults who 1. are obese 2. with high cholesterol 3. with high blood pressure
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Adulthood 2 R.E.Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2009. III. Physiology of Adults A. Maturity B. Reproductive maturity (males) C. Reproductive maturity (females) 1. pre-menstrual syndrome 2. oral contraceptive agents 3. menopause
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Adulthood 3 R.E.Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2009. IV. Nutrient Needs A. Energy 1. gender differences 2. age differences 3. EER values males: 19 years and older EER = 662 – (9.53 Age [y]) + PA [(15.91 wt [kg]) + (539.6 ht [m])] kcal/day PA values: sedentary = 1.0 low active = 1.11 active = 1.25 very active = 1.48 females: 19 years and older EER = 354 – (6.91 Age [y]) + PA [(9.36 wt [kg]) + (726 ht [m])] kcal/day PA values: sedentary = 1.0 low active = 1.12 active = 1.27 very active = 1.45 B. Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR) Carbohydrate: 45-65% of total energy (RDA = 130 grams/day) Added Sugars: < 25% of total energy Protein: 10-35% of total energy Fat: 20-35% of total energy 5-10% of total energy from n -6 PUFA 0.6-1.2% of total energy from n -3 PUFA
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Adulthood 4 R.E.Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2009. C. Protein 1. balance synthesis and breakdown 2. RDA value: 0.8 g protein/kg body weight/day D. Fat-soluble vitamins Vitamin D: AI increases with age 19-50 years 5 g/day (200 IU) 51-70 years 10 g/day (400 IU) > 70 years 15 g/day (600 IU) E. Water-soluble vitamins F. Minerals 1. calcium AI: 19-30 years 1000 mg/day 31-50 years 1000 mg/day 51-70 years 1200 mg/day > 70 years 1200 mg/day
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Adulthood 5 R.E.Turner & B. Langkamp-Henken, University of Florida, 2009. 2.
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u8 - Adulthood 1 Topic: Nutrition During Adulthood...

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