d7 - Assessing Community Resources Chapter 2 What is a...

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Unformatted text preview: Assessing Community Resources Chapter 2 What is a Community Needs Assessment? Process Process of: Evaluating Evaluating the health and nutritional status of the community Determining Determining what the community’s health and nutritional needs are Identifying Identifying where those needs are not met What is the purpose of this assessment? Find Find answers to basic questions about the health and nutrition status of the community, or a specific target population within it. WHO WHO has a health or nutrition problem that is not being addressed? HOW HOW did the problem develop? WHAT WHAT programs and services currently exist to address the need? WHY WHY are these programs and services failing to alleviate the problem? WHAT WHAT can be done? 1 The Community Needs Assessment is analogous to a clinical assessment of a patient’s health, except that the community is the “patient”! Health Status Indicators As As you conduct the assessment, you will want to look at factors such as: Quality Quality of Life Physical Physical Functioning Psychosocial Psychosocial Functioning What W hat types of data, or “Health “Health Status Status Indicators” can you look at? There are 7 STEPS in STEPS Conducting a Community Needs Assessment 2 Step 1: Define Define the nutritional problem Obesity Obesity Infants Infants at nutritional risk Low birthLow birth-weight babies Poor Poor quality of diets of middle school students Develop Develop a concise statement of the problem of concern, including: WHO WHO is affected HOW HOW the problem affects health or nutrition status GAPS GAPS in data or knowledge of the problem Example: “National data indicate that the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly in the past decade. Pediatricians and obesity researchers are reporting more frequent cases of obesity-related diseases in children, such as hypertension and diabetes, that once were considered adult conditions. There is currently no reliable data on the prevalence of the problem in this county, nor are there any county-wide programs in place to combat or prevent the problem.” Step Step 2: Set Set the Parameters of the Assessment Define Define the “Community” What W hat is the scope of your assessment? Often Often a geographical region (city? county? state?) Determine Determine the purpose of the needs assessment What W hat information are you trying to gather? What W hat do you hope to achieve by conducting the assessment? 3 Define Define the Target Population What W hat subset of the population are you focusing on? Elementary Elementary school children? Elderly women with osteoporosis? Teenage mothers? Men with heart disease? Set Set Goals and Objectives for the assessment GOALS: GOALS: Broad statements of what the assessment should accomplish OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVES: Specific activities and outcomes needed to reach the goals Specify Specify the types of data needed Quantitative Quantitative data, statistics Qualitative Qualitative data Step 3: Collect Collect Data Organization Organization of community government, health department, etc. Contacts Contacts in the media, chamber of commerce Demographic Demographic data and trends Community Community health statistics Availability Availability and use of health care resources Food Food and nutrient intake Food Food systems Housing Housing Recreation Recreation Transportation Transportation systems Labor Labor force characteristics Education Education Economic Economic data and trends Sources of Data: Observations Observations Networking Networking Interviews Interviews Medical, Medical, Nutrition and Public Health databases www.fedstats.gov www.fedstats.gov www.census.gov www.census.gov www.dataplace.org www.dataplace.org www.myflorida.com www.myflorida.com Registries Registries of vital statistics Local Local Library Published Published research studies Hospital Hospital records Local Local health surveys 4 Step 4: Analyze Analyze and interpret the data Make Make a “diagnosis”! Interpret Interpret patterns and identify links between nutritional problems and the nutritional community community environment Prepare Prepare a summary that captures the key points that emerged from the assessment Step 5: Share Share the findings of the assessment! Potentially Potentially useful to many agencies and organizations Step Step 6: Set Set priorities When several W hen several nutritional problems are identified… Look Look at the most common problems most Look Look at the most serious problems serious Give Give priority to those problems that are increasing in frequency increasing 5 Step 7: Choose Choose a Plan of Action Advocate Advocate for a change in public policy public Release Release findings to the media… Write to legislators… Lobbying… Organize workshops Organize workshops or conferences to encourage community input and involvement Alter Alter an existing program to more effectively address the problem Develop Develop a new program to address the problem Community Assessment Assignment Scenario: You have been asked to develop a nutritionrelated program to help reduce the incidence of chronic diseases and improve health in the elder population in Alachua County. Your first step is to conduct a community nutrition assessment to become familiar with your target population. You will then determine what specific needs exist, and develop a program to address them. Part 1: Due March 4, 2010 1) 1) Collect demographic data, statistics, and health information 2) 2) Summarize your findings by identifying three major concerns you would have for the population of seniors in Alachua County 3) 3) What programs and services already exist to serve this population? 6 Part 2: April 1, 2010 2: (Partners or Individual) 4) 4) Find examples of other specific nutritionnutrition-related programs for seniors that have been implemented elsewhere in the country. (Goals? Success? Impact of programs?) 5) 5) Prioritize the needs you identified and create a new program to address what you feel is the most important need 7 ...
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