Psych pwpt 2 - Historical Perspectives in Cognitive Science...

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Historical Perspectives in Cognitive Science
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Historical Perspectives How can we examine something that we can’t see, e.g., properties of the mind and human thought?
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Historical Perspectives One way: Rationalism René Descartes: “Cogito, ergo sum” (I think, therefore I am, 1637). Wilhelm Wundt, Edward Titchener: Collect reported thoughts (or “think-aloud” protocols) from “trained” participants. Structuralism : What are the basic components of thought? Introspection : Mental phenomena can be understood by careful thought and logic. Example: Free association
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Historical Perspectives William James: Functionalism : What is the function of consciousness (rather than the components of it)? Consciousness is a state of being that changes, and can not be reduced to specific elements. It makes more sense to study consciousness (and behavior) as a whole rather than reducing it to uninteresting parts.
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Historical Perspectives The good: Easy to collect data Results are often enlightening The not so good: Many cognitive phenomena are subconscious Can all thought be verbalized? “Certain subjects’ introspections were defined
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PSYC 250 taught by Professor Timothymiura during the Spring '11 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Psych pwpt 2 - Historical Perspectives in Cognitive Science...

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