Psych pwpt 3 - Cognitive Psychology and the Information...

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Cognitive Psychology and the Information Processing Approach
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Historical Perspectives The Cognitive “revolution” Three influences Need for practical research on mental activities such as perception, attention, vigilance, and decision-making Advent of computer science and artificial intelligence. Linguistics (Chomsky, 1959). Rejection of Skinner’s (1957) Verbal Behavior.
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Historical Perspectives Three assumptions in cognitive psychology Mental processes and representations exist E.g., Bousfield (1953): Subjects’ strategic organization of list recall Mental processes can be studied scientifically The scientific method: Seek knowledge about the causal relations between different variables E.g., Manipulate a variable (independent variable or IV) while holding others constant, look at effects on another variable (dependent variable or DV – what is being measured) Humans are active information processors We have goals and behave to attain these goals We often actively select information to process or we mentally stimulate ourselves in other ways
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Cognitive Psychology and the Information Processing Approach Mind is an “information processor” Inputs (senses, stored information) Processing (mental operations) Output (more information/action/behavior)
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PSYC 250 taught by Professor Timothymiura during the Spring '11 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Psych pwpt 3 - Cognitive Psychology and the Information...

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