soc100 study guide - Chapter1WhatisSociology?...

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Chapter 1- What is Sociology? 12/10/2008 15:42:00 * study of human behavior in society sociological imagination = individual identities are sensible only in the social contexts we  are in; capacity to look beyond the obvious and make new connections Who you are depends on time period you were born in and who you are  connected to / groups you’re a part of sociologists always look at everything from one point of view AND its opposite Example: social order vs. social disorder See both sides simultaneously and how they are interrelated Connects us to larger processes of stability and change that compose history Sociology is more closely related to history than any other field The world you’ve always lived in suddenly becomes seen in a new way Individualism affects how we think about social life   society is people and  people are society! How people are related!   individualistic perspective does NOT  work!! - People participate in systems without actually being parts of the system  themselves - why do differences among demographics exist? Look at differences in social  systems/groups - can’t find out things going on in a system by looking at individuals and vice  versa Enlightenment- individual seen as foundation of society Locke = individual liberty; Rousseau = society enhances freedom Jefferson combined these ideas – regulation of individual freedom by the  government
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Change from 1700s to 1800s Nature of community- what rights / obligations do we have to each other? Nature of government- who should have the power? King or people Nature of economy – fairly distributed or concentrated among a few Meaning of individualism- rights and responsibilities of individuals to himself  and others Rise of secularism- how can religious ideas about God and morality be  reconciled with scientific beliefs about rationality and economic ideas about  the marketplace? Nature/direction of change- where are we heading? modernism  = belief in evolutionary progress through the application of science;  society is moving from less   more developed postmodernism =  meaning of social life comes from creative assembling of  interactions and interpretations that enable us to negotiate our way in the world Sociology born as a response to the radical changes associated with the  Industrial Revolution—how it is impacted by the poor Capitalism – is it temporary like feudalism or will it last?? Information Age of today is a similar transformation—major form of globalization!
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Chen during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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soc100 study guide - Chapter1WhatisSociology?...

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