soc100exam2studyguide - Chapter 6- Crime and Deviance...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6- Crime and Deviance 04/12/2008 21:33:00 Deviance- any behavior that moves away from cultural norms that have been accepted socially, breaking any rule; breaking or refusing to follow a social rule; doesnt have to be illegal deviant people belong to a stigmatized group Crime- deviant act enough to warrant legal sanction; carries a punishment with it ** VARIES IN 3 WAYS: 1) ACROSS TIME; 2) ACROSS SPACE; 3) ACROSS SOCIAL STRUCTURE/GROUPS folkways- routine, unspoken conventions of behavior; example: standing forward in an elevator mores- strong moral significance, often made into laws; example: speaking abusively to someone, murder, assault taboos- prohibitions essential to the well-being of humanity; example: incest, pedophilia Stigmas can be neutralized: 1. minstrelization- little power/alone; over conform to stereotypes about yourself 2. normification- exaggerate similarities, downplay differences 3. militant chauvinism- high level of power, maximize differences with dominant group subcultures develop when there is 1. some punishment, not too much 2. enough participants, but not too many 3. complex, but not too complex NEED BALANCE!! Youth gangs- poor/working-class, minorities possess a stronger need to belong to a group sometimes joining is a rational decision economic support, belonging, and status new form of organized crime, very violent, drugs common views on crime : criminals breaking our trust dont deserve to be part of our society; not law-abiding good citizens; society is better off with all criminals locked away for as long as possible PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE 1. Biological/Psychological (individual) people who break rules have something wrong with them! To understand the crime you have to know what is going on in the person Deviance : individual personality factors as the underlying cause of deviant behavior. The origin of deviance is found in the individual. Medicalization of deviance: deviance is seen as the result of individual pathology or sickness. Someone who commits a very deviant act is sick or is a sociopath. Solution : the solution is to cure the deviant through therapy or other psychological treatment. Psychology involved in worst crimes some of these people may have to go to the mental hospital, not jail o Dont feel shame or remorse; sycophant = no belonging, outcast, result of childhood not rewarded properly, punished inappropriately 2. Sociological (society) stresses societal context NOT individual behavior; 2....
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Chen during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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soc100exam2studyguide - Chapter 6- Crime and Deviance...

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