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soc100exam2studyguide - Chapter 6 Crime and Deviance...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6- Crime and Deviance 04/12/2008 21:33:00 ← Deviance- any behavior that moves away from cultural norms that have been accepted socially, breaking any rule; breaking or refusing to follow a social rule; doesn’t have to be illegal deviant people belong to a stigmatized group Crime- deviant act enough to warrant legal sanction; carries a punishment with it ← ← ** VARIES IN 3 WAYS: 1) ACROSS TIME; 2) ACROSS SPACE; 3) ACROSS SOCIAL STRUCTURE/GROUPS ← ← folkways- routine, unspoken conventions of behavior; example: standing forward in an elevator ← mores- strong moral significance, often made into laws; example: speaking abusively to someone, murder, assault ← taboos- prohibitions essential to the well-being of humanity; example: incest, pedophilia ← ← Stigmas can be neutralized: ← 1. minstrelization- little power/alone; over conform to stereotypes about yourself ← 2. normification- exaggerate similarities, downplay differences ← 3. militant chauvinism- high level of power, maximize differences with dominant group ← ← subcultures develop when there is… ← 1. some punishment, not too much ← 2. enough participants, but not too many ← 3. complex, but not too complex ← NEED BALANCE!! ← ← Youth gangs- poor/working-class, minorities possess a stronger need to belong to a group • sometimes joining is a rational decision economic support, belonging, and status • new form of organized crime, very violent, drugs ← ← common views on crime : criminals breaking our trust don’t deserve to be part of our society; not law-abiding good citizens; society is better off with all criminals locked away for as long as possible ← ← PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE ← ← 1. Biological/Psychological (individual) – people who break rules have something wrong with them! To understand the crime you have to know what is going on in the person • Deviance : individual personality factors as the underlying cause of deviant behavior. The origin of deviance is found in the individual. • Medicalization of deviance: deviance is seen as the result of individual pathology or sickness. Someone who commits a very deviant act is “sick” or is a sociopath. • Solution : the solution is to “cure” the deviant through therapy or other psychological treatment. • Psychology involved in worst crimes some of these people may have to go to the mental hospital, not jail o Don’t feel shame or remorse; sycophant = no belonging, outcast, result of childhood not rewarded properly, punished inappropriately ← ← 2. Sociological (society) – stresses societal context NOT individual behavior; 2....
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soc100exam2studyguide - Chapter 6 Crime and Deviance...

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