Hate Crime and Self report data

Hate Crime and Self report data - Critically evaluate the...

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Critically evaluate the use of self-report data in understanding hate crime Introduction: The following essay, will address the findings of past self-report surveys regarding hate crime and what do academics say about the validity of self-report surveys, followed by official statistics. I will then talk about and evaluate the validity of the use of self-report surveys but to begin with, I will distinguish the definitions of i) Self-report data and ii) hate crime. Definitions: i) Self-report data ii) Hate Crime Coleman and Moynihan (1996, p. 48) suggest that “all forms of crime data are deficient in their various ways but self-report data can be used as one of a number of sources of data about crime and offenders”. As Midanik has argued (Midanik, 1989), the question that needs to be addressed is not "are self-reports…valid," but rather "under what conditions do self-reports vary" instead. ( www.socialnorms.org/Research/SelfReports.php ). According to National Social Norms Institute (NSNI; at the university of Virginia) given the relative case and low cost with they are gathered, self report data have become the predominant way of measuring the predominance of many behaviours ( www.socialnorms.org/Research/SelfReports.php ). In accordance to research and findings of hate crime offences, McDevitt, Levin and Bennet (2002) propose that not much research has been carried out to establish the motivations of “Hate crime” offenders. One criticism of past self report research, maintains that too much attention is committed to petty types of misconduct and not enough to serious offenses which lead to official punishment (McCarthy and Hoge, 1987, p.1108). In support of McCarthy’s and Hoge’s statement, Hinderlang, Hirschi and Weis (1979, in McCarthy and Hoge, 1987, p.1104) argue that “self report research usually gives most weight to minor offenses, while major offenses are recorded in official delinquency reports”. As said by Malik (1999) and regarding “Quantitative data” collection, even though they are useful in understanding the degree of racist crime, “Quantitative data” method is not a thorough guide for the analysis of the causes of racial violence and harassment. In addition to Malik’s proposition, McDevitt, Levin and Bennet (2002) suggest that the understanding of the different types of motivations of the crimes and the specific indicators related with them, have been shown
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course SC 6302 taught by Professor Jane during the Spring '11 term at University of Chester.

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Hate Crime and Self report data - Critically evaluate the...

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