A study of the use of music in social movement activism - Update

A study of the use of music in social movement activism - Update

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A study of the use of music in social movement activism Introduction The following essay will be looking at how music, in general has helped the creation, of social movements and how it has helped for major as well as minor changes in people’s everyday life. To begin with, definitions of social movements, social networks, organisations and collective action are given; then facts from the 1978 Rock Against Racism concentrate specified. Finally, examples on how music has helped people in the 1920s-30s to “change” their lives. In the appendices, i have included some lyrics from anti-racist songs from famous (and not) artists as well as some pieces of old newspaper articles found on the internet. Definitions and social movements’ activism However, in order to understand social movements’ effect in our society, we first have to understand their definitions. According to Blumer (1939, in Park 1939, p. 199) “Social movements can be viewed as collective enterprises to establish a new order of life. They have their inception in the condition of unrest, and derive their motive power on one hand from dissatisfaction with the current form of life, and on the other hand, from wishes and hopes for a new scheme or system of living” Mario Diani (1992, p. 1), and in his article ‘ Concept of Social Movement’ , defines social movements as “Networks of informal interactions between a plurality of individuals, groups and/ or organizations, engaged in political or cultural conflicts, on the basis of shared collective identities”. Similarly, McAdam’s (1982) definition of social movement is that they are organized efforts excluded groups who ‘demand’ (either by supporting or opposing) changes in society. Finally, Tarrow (1994) explains that, instead of considering social movements as expressions of fanaticism, they are better distinct as “collective challenges, based on common purposes and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
social solidarities, in sustained interaction with elites, opponents, and authorities”. It is being seen that social structure has a vital role on shaping and largely determining social movements (Pichardo 1997, p. 412). But in order to analyze social movements, Della Porta and Diani (2007) suggest that we have to deal with social processes that may be of interest of researchers who are not social movements’ analysts. Social movements vary from one another. Della Porta and Diani (2007), suggest that each social movements’ characteristics and political and cultural context in which they develop are different. Resource mobilization theory, developed in 1970s, emphasizes the capability of its members to acquire resources and to mobilize people towards the achievement of their objectives. Della Porta and Diani (2007, p. 16) explain that, “‘Political process’ approach, shares with Resource Mobilization theory; a rational view of action. The central focus of them is the relationship between institutional political actors and protest”. Similarly, Oberschall, (1973, in
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course SC 6101 taught by Professor Mark during the Spring '11 term at University of Chester.

Page1 / 13

A study of the use of music in social movement activism - Update

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online