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Western Civilization I - Assignment 4

Western Civilization I - Assignment 4 - Name Western...

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Name: Western Civilization II Summer 2 (2010) Assignment IV 3) What were the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad? Compare and contrast Islam with Christianity. Christianity: A monotheism religion Abrahamic religion (has Abraham for father) Means "Believer in Christ" Followers are called Christians Derives from Judaism Created after the ascension of Christ by his followers 30 C.E. Written Scripture - Bible - composed of the Old Testament - Jewish Tora - and the New Testament New Testament made of 27 books Institutes ritual practices: Sacraments Those Sacraments previously 2 and now 7 Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick The four pillars of the Catholic faith are: The Apostles Creed The 7 Sacraments The Ten Commandment The Lord's Prayer Direct by the Pope who is considered the successor of Paul Believe in angels, God and final Judgment Believe in all the prophets in the Old Testament Jesus is the son of God Jesus died on the cross and rose on the third days then ascended forty days later Believe in the Trinity (one God in Three - the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) Islam: A monotheism religion Abrahamic religion (has Abraham for father) Means "Submission to the will of God" Followers are called Muslim Judo-Christian religion Founded by Prophet Muhammad - The last prophet (622 A.D.) Five pillars of Islamic Faith: There is only one God - Allah - . Fastening during the Ramadan
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Giving "Alms" or Charity. Pilgrimage to Mecca 5 daily prayers Headed by a Caliph who is considered successor of Muhammad Believe in angels, God and final Judgment Believe in all the prophets in the Old Testament Original language is Arabic The Quran is not to be translated or will lose its true meaning Jesus is just another prophet.
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