IR final study guide

IR final study guide - Chapter 10 Transnational networks:...

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Chapter 10 Transnational networks: actors composed of other actors united by shared interests in a dense web of cooperative interactions. Engaged in voluntary, reciprocal interactions of communication and exchange across national borders. The constitute actors may include 1) international and domestic NGOs involved in research and advocacy 2) local social movements 3)foundations and other philanthropic organizations 4) the media and 5) churches, trade unions, and consumer and other civil organizations. Transnational Advocacy Networks: (TANs) aim to bring about political and social change through social mobilization, changes in social norms, and political pressure on governments. Set of individuals and non-government organizations acting in pursuit of a normative objective. Normative objectives such as human rights, the environment, economic and social justice, democracy, women’s rights, abortion rights, the right of life. Ex: Jody Williams and the international campaign to ban landmines (ICBL) NGOs: nongovernmental organizations: private organizations not directly affiliated w/ national governments and usually focusing on social, economic and political change in a country or region. How do advocacy networks affect government policies? Bringing new knowledge to public attention. Increasing public awareness creates new public pressure and helps to elevate the issue on the political agenda. Expert consensus can call attention to new problems and point to possible solutions Change how actors conceive of their interest by promoting new norms 1) process of persuasion 2)putting pressure on states 3) providing information as endorsers and monitors Norms-how do they influence behavior? Norms: standards of behavior for actors with a given identity; norms define what actions are “right” or appropriate under particular circumstances Norms are most easily observed when they are violated They affect behavior and political outcomes by raising the costs of inappropriate actions
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IR final study guide - Chapter 10 Transnational networks:...

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