Romanesque_Guide (1)

Romanesque_Guide (1) - 17 THEAGEOFPILGRIMAGES ROMANESQUEART...

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17 THE AGE OF PILGRIMAGES  ROMANESQUE ART TEXT PAGES  446-477 What was meant by “the white robe of churches”? During the 11 th  and 12 th  centuries thousands of ecclesiastical buildings were  remodeled (even when not necessary) or newly built, an expression of relief that the  conclusion of the first Christian millennium in 1000 had not brought an end to the  world as many had feared. Raoul Glaber, a monk, said “It was as if the whole earth,  having cast off the old by shaking itself were clothing itself everywhere in the white  robe of the church.” ARCHITECTURE Define or identify the following architectural terms: Bay  A part of a building set off by vertical elements such as columns. Buttress  An exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a  vault.  Campanile  A bell tower of a church, usually, but not always, freestanding. Choir  The space reserved for clergy and singers in the church, usually east of the  transept but in some cases extending into the nave. compound pier  A pier with a group of attached shafts, or  responds Crossing  The area where the transept and nave cross. diaphragm arch  A transverse, wall-bearing arch  that divides a vault into  compartments, providing a kind of firebreak. groin vault  Two barrel vaults intersecting at a right angle. radiating chapel  Semicircular chapels opening onto an ambulatory around the choir. rib vault  A vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural  163
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skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them. sexpartite vault  A vault whose ribs divide the vault into six compartments. transverse arch An arch separating one vaulted bay from the next. tribune Upper gallery over the aisle opening onto the nave. 1. What common experience made the use of stone vaults so important to Romanesque  builders? The threat of fire, which was common, as well as a desire to provide a suitably  majestic setting for the display of relics. What advantage did stone vaults have over wooden roofs? They enhanced acoustics for the Christian liturgy and music. 2. List four modifications made in Romanesque churches along the pilgrimage route to  accommodate the large crowds and the relics they came to see: a.  They were built at a larger scale. b.  The length of the nave was increased. c.  The side aisles were doubled. d.  A transept, ambulatory, and radiating chapels were added.
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