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Unformatted text preview: 17- THE AGE OF PILGRIMAGES - ROMANESQUE ART - pp 447-477Vocabulary: ambulatory, archivolt, campanile, Crusades, embroidery, gilt, jamb(s), pilgrimage, polychrome, portal, reliquary, trumeau, tympanum -The art of 11th and 12th century western Europe architecture-Art is "Roman"-like but also has traces of N. Europe and Byzantine-The expansion of monasticism=main force behind artistic activity in 11 & 12 cent.-Movement of people throughout Europe=exchange of ideas & styles-Econ prosperity, some political stability, & more population= building boom-Large stone churches needed to accommodate new orders and pilgrims-Increased relig fervor--seen in number of pilgrims, and the Crusades-people undertook pilgrimages to holy sites-Crusades introduced to liberate Holy Land from Muslims-Revival of many trade routes, intermingling of cultures-Movement of peoples resulted in exchange of ideas-New building campaigns taken up like never before-major share of building activity sponsored by monastic communities-church building & sculptural decoration=principal activities of Romanesque artists-also, manuscript illumination is vitally important...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course ART 101 taught by Professor Helm during the Spring '11 term at DeVry Austin.
- Spring '11