Lecture 20 - Lecture 20 Wednesday, November 18, 2009 4:33...

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Social Psychology (cont'd) The Social Psychology View (cont'd) Attribution Theory (cont'd) Attribution Error Most people use the first kind of theory (dispositional theory) when explaining behavior of other people; i.e., waitress's smile, gas attendant's scowl, are attributed to their permanent personality, i.e., dispositional factors . People rarely use situational theories. Attribution Error: tendency to favor dispositional theories rather than situational theories. Damaging Effects of Attribution Error By making attribution error, people can force the other person to become something that they were not originally. Particularly damaging to children. Grade-school teachers frequently decide very early in school year, who is smart and who is not. This, in turn, has effect on child's self-perception. Children who are viewed favorably by teachers do well. Children who are not viewed favorably by teachers, do badly. Called a self-fulfilling prophecy . Self-fulfilling Prophecy:
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 20 - Lecture 20 Wednesday, November 18, 2009 4:33...

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