Ch 02 notes - Court Systems & Jurisdiction

Ch 02 notes Court - Business Law Ch 2 Court Systems Jurisdiction State Court Systems 1 Limited-Jurisdiction Trial Courts(i.e Inferior Trial Courts

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Business Law State Court Systems 1. Limited-Jurisdiction Trial Courts (i.e. Inferior Trial Courts ): Court that hears matters of a specialized or limited venue a. Includes the following: Traffic courts, juvenile courts, probate courts, family law courts, etc. b. Trial courts : Evidence can be introduced and testimony given c. Small claims court : Court that hears civil cases involving small dollar amounts (e.g. $5,000) i. No lawyers for representation d. Decisions are appealable to general-jurisdiction trial courts or appellate courts 2. General-Jurisdiction Trial Courts (i.e. Courts of Record ): Court that hears cases of a general nature that are not within the jurisdiction of limited-jurisdiction trial courts a. b. Often divided into 2 divisions: Criminal and Civil c. Decisions are appealable to an intermediate appellate court or the state supreme court 3. Intermediate Appellate Courts (i.e. Circuit Court ): Court that hears appeal from trial courts a. No new evidence or testimony is permitted b. Parties file legal briefs 4. Highest State Court (i.e. State Supreme Court): Hears appeals from intermediate state courts and certain trial courts a. No new evidence or testimony is permitted b. Parties file legal briefs with the court c. Decisions are final unless a question of law is involved that is appealable to the US Supreme Court Federal Court System 1. Special Federal Courts : Hear matters of specialized or limited jurisdiction a. US Tax Court : Hears cases involving federal tax laws b. US Claims Court : Hears cases brought against the United States c. US Court of International Trade : Hears cases involving tariffs and international commercial disputes d. US Bankruptcy Court : Hears cases involving federal bankruptcy laws 2. US District Courts : Federal court system’s trial courts of general jurisdiction a. At least one federal district court in each state and in D.C.
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course BUS LAW 320 taught by Professor Soos during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Ch 02 notes Court - Business Law Ch 2 Court Systems Jurisdiction State Court Systems 1 Limited-Jurisdiction Trial Courts(i.e Inferior Trial Courts

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