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lecture16 - Chaparral and Grasslands Chaparral Communities...

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Chaparral and Grasslands Chaparral Communities Chaparral and Fire Grassland Communities Reading: Plants of SLO: Page 1 Chaparral Communities Widely distributed in California, extends from southern Oregon to northwestern Baja Covers 9% of California Occurs from the coast to high elevations of interior mountains Forms ecotones with grasslands, coastal scrub, woodlands, forests, and deserts Chaparral Characteristics Dominants are mostly stiffly branched evergreen shrubs or small trees Plants range from about 1 ft. to about 15 ft. Sometimes called “hard chaparral” Chaparral Characteristics Overlapping shrub canopies form a dense, impenetrable tangle Mature chaparral stands lack an herbaceous understory Chaparral Characteristics Chaparral shrubs have sclerophyllous leaves Leaves: Thick and leathery with internal bracing tissues (sclerenchyma) relatively small with a reduced surface area Chaparral Characteristics Some chaparral species
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lecture16 - Chaparral and Grasslands Chaparral Communities...

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