Answer key - Chapter 22, 24, 25 1. The fate of the defeated...

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Chapter 22, 24, 25 1. The fate of the defeated Confederate leaders was that A) most were sentenced to prison for life. B) several were executed for treason. C) after brief jail terms all were pardoned in 1868. D) they were immediately returned to citizenship and full civil rights. E) many went into exile in slaveholding Brazil. 2. In the postwar South A) the economy was utterly devastated. B) the emancipation of slaves had surprisingly little economic consequence. C) the much-feared inflation never materialized. D) industry and transportation were damaged, but Southern agriculture continued to flourish. E) poorer whites benefited from the end of plantation slavery. 3. At the end of the Civil War, many white Southerners A) reluctantly supported the federal government. B) began planning a new rebellion. . C) saw their former slaves in a new light. D) asked for pardons so that they could once again hold political office and vote. E) still believed that their view of secession was correct. 4. Freedom for Southern blacks at the end of the Civil War A) occurred immediately with the Emancipation Proclamation. B) caused large numbers to migrate to the big cities in the North. C) came haltingly and unevenly in different parts of the conquered Confederacy. D) was achieved without the use of Union soldiers. E) was a source of considerable anxiety. 5. In 1865, Southern A) whites quickly admitted they had been wrong in trying to secede and win Southern independence. B) whites rapidly turned their slaves into paid employees. C) blacks uniformly turned in anger and revenge against their former masters. D) blacks often began traveling to test their freedom, search for family members, and seek economic opportunity. E) blacks looked to the federal government for help. 6. The ÒExodustersÓ westward mass migration to Kansas finally faltered when A) homesteading on the Great Plains proved more difficult than expected. . B) the Fifteenth Amendment was passed. C) steamboat captains refused to transport more former slaves across the Mississippi. D) white Kansans passed strict segregation laws. . E) none of the above.
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7. The greatest achievements of the Freedmen's Bureau were in A) its distribution of land. B) education. C) the provision of food and clothing. D) helping people to find employment. E) all of the above. 8. In President Andrew Johnson's view, the Freedmen's Bureau was A) a valuable agency. B) acceptable only because it also helped poor whites. C) a tolerable compromise with the radical Congress. D) a potential source of Republican patronage jobs. E) a meddlesome agency that should be killed. 9. The controversy surrounding the Wade-Davis Bill and the readmission of the Confederate states to the Union demonstrated A) the deep differences between President Lincoln and Congress. B) the close ties that were developing between President Lincoln and the Democrats.
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Answer key - Chapter 22, 24, 25 1. The fate of the defeated...

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