Topic Outline 14,15,16

Topic Outline 14,15,16 - Ivan Ivanov Wright APUSH 4...

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Ivan Ivanov Wright APUSH 4 November 14 th , 2010 12. Creating an American Culture 12.1. Cultural nationalism a) Nationalism is the feeling of a people that the way of life in their country is particularly good. In the late 1800s, nations became more important while kings and princes became less important. People from different nations who spoke the same language and common culture would join together to form a new nation, ignoring any kind of leader they had in the past. 12.2. Education reform/professionalism a) Tax-supported public education came about between 1825-1850. Americans eventually saw they had to educate their children because the children were the future. The teachers of the schools were mostly men and did not know how to teach. There were not very many schools in the U.S. because of their high costs to communities. Horace Mann campaigned effectively for a better schooling system. 12.3. Religion; revivalism a) Thomas Paine promoted the doctrines of Deism. Deists relied on science rather than the Bible and they denied the divinity of Christ. They did believe in a Supreme Being who had created a universe and endowed human beings with a capacity for moral behavior. Unitarianism spun off of Deism. Unitarians believed that God existed in only one person. It appealed to mostly intellectuals. The Second Great Awakening came in 1800. Women were a large part of it. Peter Cartwright, a revivalist, traveling preacher who converted thousands to Christianity. Charles Grandison Finney, one of the greatest revivalist preachers. 12.4. Utopian experiments: Mormons, Oneida Community a) Joseph Smith formed the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in 1830 when he deciphered the Book of Mormon from some golden plates given to him by an angel; led the Mormons to Illinois. After Joseph Smith was killed 1844, Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah to avoid persecution. b) Oneida Community practiced free love, birth control, eugenic selection of parents to produce superior offspring; it survived ironically as a capitalistic venture, selling baskets and then cutlery. Shakers a communistic community (led by Mother Ann Lee); they couldn’t marry so they became extinct 12.5. Transcendentalists a) The transcendentalist movement of the 1830s resulted from a liberalizing of the Puritan theology. It also owed to foreign influences. The transcendentalists rejected the theory that all knowledge comes to the mind through the senses. Truth, rather, transcends the senses and can't be found just by observation. Associated traits included self-reliance, self-culture, and self-discipline. Ralph Waldo Emerson- transcendentalist poet and philosopher; urged American writers to forget European traditions and write about American interests. Henry David Thoreau- transcendentalist who believed that one should reduce his bodily wants so as to gain time for a pursuit of truth through study and meditation. Not all poets and writers of the time were transcendentalists. Henry
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course ECON 412 taught by Professor Jiggly during the Spring '11 term at Jefferson College.

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Topic Outline 14,15,16 - Ivan Ivanov Wright APUSH 4...

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