Topic Outline 23,24,25

Topic Outline 23,24,25 - Ivan Ivanov Wright, 4 January...

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Ivan Ivanov Wright, 4 January 23 rd , 2011 Chapters 23, 24, 25 Outline 16. New South and the Last West A. Politics in the New south 1. The Redeemers 1. The "Redeemers" were a political coalition in the Southern United States during the Reconstruction era, who sought to oust the Republican coalition of freedmen, carpetbaggers and scalawags. They were the southern wing of the Bourbon Democrats, who were the conservative, pro-business wing of the Democratic Party. 2. Whites and the African Americans in the New South 1. For many years, this "New South" was more of a slogan of civic boosters than a reality in many areas. Racial conflict during the Civil Rights Movement gave the south a backward image in popular culture. But in the 1960s the black population was enfranchised and represented in many political offices. In the post World War II era, American textiles makers and other light industry moved en masse to the South, so as to capitalize on low wages, social conservatism, and anti-union sentiments. With the industrialization of the South came economic change, migration, immigration and population growth. Light industry moved offshore but has been replaced to a degree by auto manufacturing, tourism and energy production. In light of the many changes that have occurred since the Civil War, many now use the term in a celebratory sense. 3. Subordination of freed slaves: Jim Crow 1. As Reconstruction had ended in the South, white Democrats resumed their political power in the South and began to exercise their discrimination upon blacks. Eventually, state-level legal codes of segregation known as Jim Crow laws were enacted. The Southern states also enacted literacy requirements, voter-registration laws, and poll taxes to ensure the denial of voting for the South's black population. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the South's segregation in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896), declaring that separate but equal facilities for blacks were legal under the 14th Amendment. B. Southern economy; colonial status of the South
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1. Sharecropping 1. Blacks were forced into sharecropping and tenant farming. Through the "crop-lien" system, small farmers who rented out land from the plantation owners were kept in perpetual debt and forced to continue to work for the owners. 2. Industrial stirrings 1. In 1858, minerals including gold and silver were discovered in the Rockies, prompting many "fifty-niners" or "Pike's Peakers" to rush to the mountains the following year in search of the precious metals. "Fifty niners" also rushed to Nevada in 1859 after an abundant amount of gold and silver was discovered at Comstock Lode. he Homestead Act of 1862 allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30. Instead of public land being sold primarily for revenue, it was now being given away to encourage a rapid filling of empty spaces and to provide a stimulus to the family farm. High prices prompted farmers to concentrate on growing single "cash" crops, such
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course ECON 412 taught by Professor Jiggly during the Spring '11 term at Jefferson College.

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Topic Outline 23,24,25 - Ivan Ivanov Wright, 4 January...

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