Topic Outline 13,17

Topic Outline 13,17 - Ivan Ivanov Mr.Wright APUSH 4 October...

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Ivan Ivanov Mr.Wright APUSH 4 October 27 th , 2010 10. Age of Jackson, 1828-1848 A. Democracy and the “common man” 1. Expansion of suffrage 1. After the Era of Good Feelings, politics was transformed. The big winner of this transformation was the common man. Specifically, the common white man as universal white manhood suffrage (all white men could vote) became the norm. In 1791, Vermont became the first state admitted to the union to allow all white males to vote in the elections. This time was called the " New Democracy ". 2. Rotation in office 1. When Jackson became President, he implemented the theory of rotation in office, declaring it "a leading principle in the republican creed."He believed that rotation in office would prevent the development of a corrupt bureaucracy. To strengthen party loyalty, Jackson's supporters wanted to give the posts to party members. In practice, this meant replacing federal employees with friends or party loyalists. However, the effect was not as drastic as expected or portrayed. By the end of his term, Jackson dismissed less than twenty percent of the Federal employees at the start of it. While Jackson did not start the "spoils system," he did indirectly encourage its growth for many years to come. B. Second Party system 1. Democratic Party 1. The Democrats glorified the liberty of the individual. They strongly clung to states’ rights and federal restraint in social and economic affairs. The majority of democrats were more humble, poorer folk. Generally democrats emerged from the South and West. 2. Whig Party
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1. Whigs trumpeted the natural harmony of society and the value of community. They berated leaders whose appeals and self-interest fostered conflict among individuals. Most favored a renewed national bank, protective tariffs, internal improvements, public schools, and moral reforms. Were more aristocratic and wealthier. Generally came from the East. 3. In common 1. Both based on the people, with “catchall” phrases for popularity. Both also commanded loyalties from all kinds of people. C. Internal improvements and states' rights: the Maysville Road veto 1. A nationalistic economic plan called the American System, which matured between 1816 and 1828, consisted of a national bank, tariff, and internal improvements. Roads were particularly important. Momentum for internal improvements declined in the 1830s, especially after President Andrew Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road Bill in May 1830. The Maysville Road Bill sought funds to improve sixty-four miles of road from Lexington, Kentucky, to Maysville, Kentucky, a town on the Ohio River. By connecting to the National Road on the opposite shore of the Ohio River, the Maysville Road would offer Kentuckians access to the National Road. Jackson vetoed the bill on the grounds that it unduly expanded federal authority, cost too much, and unfairly favored one state, Kentucky. In addition to the Maysville Road veto, growing sectional tensions between Northern and Southern states further
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Topic Outline 13,17 - Ivan Ivanov Mr.Wright APUSH 4 October...

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