CA3338 - CA3338, CA3338A Data Sheet May 2003 FN1850.3 CMOS...

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Unformatted text preview: CA3338, CA3338A Data Sheet May 2003 FN1850.3 CMOS Video Speed, 8-Bit, 50 MSPS, R2R D/A Converters The CA3338 family are CMOS/SOS high speed R2R voltage output digital-to-analog converters. They can operate from a single +5V supply, at video speeds, and can produce "rail-to-rail" output swings. Internal level shifters and a pin for an optional second supply provide for an output range below digital ground. The data complement control allows the inversion of input data while the latch enable control provides either feedthrough or latched operation. Both ends of the R2R ladder network are available externally and may be modulated for gain or offset adjustments. In addition, "glitch" energy has been kept very low by segmenting and thermometer encoding of the upper 3 bits. The CA3338 is manufactured on a sapphire substrate to give low dynamic power dissipation, low output capacitance, and inherent latch-up resistance. Features CMOS/SOS Low Power R2R Output, Segmented for Low "Glitch" CMOS/TTL Compatible Inputs Fast Settling: (Typ) to 1/2 LSB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20ns Feedthrough Latch for Clocked or Unclocked Use Accuracy (Typ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 LSB Data Complement Control High Update Rate (Typ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50MHz Unipolar or Bipolar Operation Applications TV/Video Display High Speed Oscilloscope Display Digital Waveform Generator Direct Digital Synthesis Ordering Information PART NUMBER CA3338E CA3338AE CA3338M CA3338AM LINEARITY TEMP. (INL, DNL) RANGE (oC) 1.0 LSB 0.75 LSB 1.0 LSB 0.75 LSB -40 to 85 -40 to 85 -40 to 85 -40 to 85 PKG. NO. E16.3 E16.3 M16.3 M16.3 PACKAGE 16 Ld PDIP 16 Ld PDIP 16 Ld SOIC 16 Ld SOIC Pinout CA3338, CA3338A (PDIP, SOIC) TOP VIEW D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 VSS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 16 VDD 15 LE 14 COMP 13 VREF+ 12 VOUT 11 VREF 10 VEE 9 D0 1 CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures. 1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc. Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2003. All Rights Reserved All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. CA3338, CA3338A Functional Diagram 16 VDD 8R 15 LE 8R 12 8R 3-BIT TO 7-LINE THERMOMETER ENCODER VOUT 13 VREF+ 8R R 14 COMP D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 VSS 1 4R 4R 2 3 4 5 6 2R 7 9 8 2R R LEVEL SHIFTERS FEEDTHROUGH LATCHES 2R R 2R R 2R R R 2R R 2R 11 VREF10 R 160 VEE 2 CA3338, CA3338A Absolute Maximum Ratings DC Supply-Voltage Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5V to +8V (VDD - VSS or VDD - VEE, Whichever is Greater) Input Voltage Range Digital Inputs (LE, COMP D0 - D7). . . . VSS - 0.5V to VDD + 0.5V Analog Pins (VREF+, VREF -, VOUT) . . . .VDD - 8V to VDD + 0.5V DC Input Current Digital Inputs (LE, COMP, D0 - D7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20mA Recommended Supply Voltage Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5V to 7.5V Thermal Information Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1) JA (oC/W) JC (oC/W) PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 N/A SOIC Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 N/A Maximum Junction Temperature Plastic Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150oC Maximum Storage Temperature Range, TSTG . . . . -65oC to 150oC Maximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . .300oC (SOIC - Lead Tips Only) Operating Conditions Temperature Range (TA) Plastic Package, E suffix, M suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40oC to 85oC CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in "Absolute Maximum Ratings" may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. NOTE: 1. JA is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air. Electrical Specifications PARAMETER ACCURACY Resolution Integral Linearity Error CA3338 CA3338A Differential Linearity Error CA3338 CA3338A Gain Error CA3338 CA3338A Offset Error DIGITAL INPUT TIMING Update Rate Update Rate Set Up Time tSU1 Set Up Time tSU2 Hold Time tH Latch Pulse Width tW Latch Pulse Width tW OUTPUT PARAMETERS Output Delay tD1 Output Delay tD2 Rise Time tr Settling Time tS Output Impedance Glitch Area Glitch Area TA = 25oC, VDD = 5V, VREF+ = 4.608V, VSS = VEE = VREF - = GND, LE Clocked at 20MHz, RL 1 M, Unless Otherwise Specified TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS 8 See Figure 4 See Figure 4 Input Code = FFHEX , See Figure 3 Input Code = 00HEX; See Figure 3 To Maintain 1/2 LSB Settling VREF - = VEE = -2.5V, VREF+ = +2.5V For Low Glitch For Data Store For Data Store For Data Store VREF - = VEE = -2.5V, VREF+ = +2.5V RL Adjusted for 1VP-P Output From LE Edge From Data Changing 10% to 90% of Output 10% to Settling to 1/2 LSB VREF+ = 6V, VDD = 6V VREF - = VEE = -2.5V,VREF+ = +2.5V 120 - - 1 0.75 0.75 0.5 0.75 0.5 0.25 Bits - LSB LSB - LSB LSB - LSB LSB LSB DC DC - 50 20 -2 8 5 5 25 - MHz MHz ns ns ns ns ns 25 22 4 20 160 150 250 200 - ns ns ns ns pV/s pV/s 3 CA3338, CA3338A Electrical Specifications PARAMETER REFERENCE VOLTAGE VREF+ Range VREF - Range VREF+ Input Current SUPPLY VOLTAGE Static IDD or IEE Dynamic IDD or IEE Dynamic IDD or IEE VDD Rejection VEE Rejection DIGITAL INPUTS High Level Input Voltage Low Level Input Voltage Leakage Current Capacitance TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENTS Output Impedance NOTE: 2. Parameter not tested. but guaranteed by design or characterization. 200 ppm/oC LE = Low, D0 - D7 = High LE = Low, D0 - D7 = Low VOUT = 10MHz, 0V to 5V Square Wave VOUT = 10MHz, 2.5V Square Wave 50kHz Sine Wave Applied 50kHz Sine Wave Applied D0 - D7, LE, COMP Note 2 Note 2 2 1 5 0.8 5 V V A pF 100 20 25 3 1 220 100 A A mA mA mV/V mV/V (+) Full Scale, Note 2 (-) Full Scale, Note 2 VREF+ = 6V, VDD = 6V VREF - + 3 VEE 40 VDD VREF+ - 3 50 V V mA TA = 25oC, VDD = 5V, VREF+ = 4.608V, VSS = VEE = VREF - = GND, LE Clocked at 20MHz, RL 1 M, Unless Otherwise Specified (Continued) TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS 4 CA3338, CA3338A Pin Descriptions PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 NAME D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 VSS D0 VEE Digital Ground Least Significant Bit. Input Data Bit Analog Ground Reference Voltage Negative Input Analog Output FIGURE 2. DATA AND LATCH ENABLE TO OUTPUT TIMING OUTPUT VOLTAGE DESCRIPTION Most Significant Bit Input Data Bits (High = True) INPUT DATA LATCH ENABLE tD1 tD2 90% 10% 1/ LSB 2 tS tr 1/ LSB 2 VREF VOUT Latch Operation Data is fed from input to output while LE is low: LE should be tied low for non-clocked operation. Non-clocked operation or changing data while LE is low is not recommended for applications requiring low output "glitch" energy: there is no guarantee of the simultaneous changing of input data or the equal propagation delay of all bits through the converter. Several parameters are given if the converter is to be used in either of these modes: tD2 gives the delay from the input changing to the output changing (10%), while tSU2 and tH give the set up and hold times (referred to LE rising edge) needed to latch data. See Figures 1 and 2. Clocked operation is needed for low "glitch" energy use. Data must meet the given tSU1 set up time to the LE falling edge, and the tH hold time from the LE rising edge. The delay to the output changing, tD1 , is now referred to the LE falling edge. There is no need for a square wave LE clock; LE must only meet the minimum tW pulse width for successful latch operation. Generally, output timing (desired accuracy of settling) sets the upper limit of usable clock frequency. VREF+ Reference Voltage Positive Input COMP LE VDD Data Complement Control input. Active High Latch Enable Input. Active Low Digital Power Supply, +5V Digital Signal Path The digital inputs (LE, COMP, and D0 - D7) are of TTL compatible HCT High Speed CMOS design: the loading is essentially capacitive and the logic threshold is typically 1.5V. The 8 data bits, D0 (weighted 20) through D7 (weighted 27), are applied to Exclusive OR gates (see Functional Diagram). The COMP (data complement) control provides the second input to the gates: if COMP is high, the data bits will be inverted as they pass through. The input data and the LE (latch enable) signals are next applied to a level shifter. The inputs, operating between the levels of VDD and VSS , are shifted to operate between VDD and VEE . VEE optionally at ground or at a negative voltage, will be discussed under bipolar operation. All further logic elements except the output drivers operate from the VDD and VEE supplies. The upper 3 bits of data, D5 through D7, are input to a 3-to-7 line bar graph encoder. The encoder outputs and D0 through D4 are applied to a feedthrough latch, which is controlled by LE (latch enable). INPUT DATA tSU1 tW LATCH ENABLE LATCHED DATA FEEDTHROUGH tH LATCHED tSU2 Output Structure The latches feed data to a row of high current CMOS drivers, which in turn feed a modified R2R ladder network. The "N" channel (pull down) transistor of each driver plus the bottom "2R" resistor are returned to VREF - this is the (-) fullscale reference. The "P" channel (pull up) transistor of each driver is returned to VREF+, the (+) full-scale reference. In unipolar operation, VREF- would typically be returned to analog ground, but may be raised above ground (see specifications). There is substantial code dependent current that flows from VREF+ to VREF - (see VREF+ input current in specifications), so VREF - should have a low impedance path to ground. FIGURE 1. DATA TO LATCH ENABLE TIMING 5 CA3338, CA3338A In bipolar operation, VREF - would be returned to a negative voltage (the maximum voltage rating to VDD must be observed). VEE , which supplies the gate potential for the output drivers, must be returned to a point at least as negative as VREF -. Note that the maximum clocking speed decreases when the bipolar mode is used. STRAIGHT LINE FROM "0" SCALE TO FULL SCALE VOLTAGE = IDEAL TRANSFER CURVE = ACTUAL TRANSFER CURVE OUTPUT VOLTAGE Static Characteristics The ideal 8-bit D/A would have an output equal to VREF - with an input code of 00HEX (zero scale output), and an output equal to 255/256 of VREF+ (referred to VREF -) with an input code of FFHEX (full scale output). The difference between the ideal and actual values of these two parameters are the OFFSET and GAIN errors, respectively; see Figure 3. If the code into an 8-bit D/A is changed by 1 count, the output should change by 1/255 (full scale output - zero scale output). A deviation from this step size is a differential linearity error, see Figure 4. Note that the error is expressed in fractions of the ideal step size (usually called an LSB). Also note that if the (-) differential linearity error is less (in absolute numbers) than 1 LSB, the device is monotonic. (The output will always increase for increasing code or decrease for decreasing code). If the code into an 8-bit D/A is at any value, say "N", the output voltage should be N/255 of the full scale output (referred to the zero scale output). Any deviation from that output is an integral linearity error, usually expressed in LSBs. See Figure 4. Note that OFFSET and GAIN errors do not affect integral linearity, as the linearity is referenced to actual zero and full scale outputs, not ideal. Absolute accuracy would have to also take these errors into account. OUTPUT VOLTAGE AS A FRACTION OF VREF+ - VREF GAIN ERROR (SHOWN -) 255/256 254/256 = IDEAL TRANSFER CURVE = ACTUAL TRANSFER CURVE INTEGRAL LINEARITY ERROR (SHOWN -) A C B A = IDEAL STEP SIZE (1/255 OF FULL SCALE -"0" SCALE VOLTAGE) B - A = +DIFFERENTIAL LINEARITY ERROR C - A = -DIFFERENTIAL LINEARITY ERROR INPUT CODE 0 00 FIGURE 4. D/A INTEGRAL AND DIFFERENTIAL LINEARITY ERROR Dynamic Characteristics Keeping the full-scale range (VREF+ - VREF -) as high as possible gives the best linearity and lowest "glitch" energy (referred to 1V). This provides the best "P" and "N" channel gate drives (hence saturation resistance) and propagation delays. The VREF+ (and VREF - if bipolar) terminal should be well bypassed as near the chip as possible. "Glitch" energy is defined as a spurious voltage that occurs as the output is changed from one voltage to another. In a binary input converter, it is usually highest at the most significant bit transition (7FHEX to 80HEX for an 8 bit device), and can be measured by displaying the output as the input code alternates around that point. The "glitch" energy is the area between the actual output display and an ideal one LSB step voltage (subtracting negative area from positive), at either the positive or negative-going step. It is usually expressed in pV/s. The CA3338 uses a modified R2R ladder, where the 3 most significant bits drive a bar graph decoder and 7 equally weighted resistors. This makes the "glitch" energy at each 1/8 scale transition (1FHEX to 20HEX , 3FHEX to 40HEX , etc.) essentially equal, and far less than the MSB transition would otherwise display. For the purpose of comparison to other converters, the output should be resistively divided to 1V full scale. Figure 5 shows a typical hook-up for checking "glitch" energy or settling time. 253/256 3/256 2/256 OFFSET ERROR (SHOWN +) 1/256 0 00 01 02 03 FD FE FF INPUT CODE IN HEXADECIMAL (COMP = LOW) FIGURE 3. D/A OFFSET AND GAIN ERROR The settling time of the A/D is mainly a function of the output resistance (approximately 160 in parallel with the load resistance) and the load plus internal chip capacitance. Both "glitch" energy and settling time measurements require very good circuit and probe grounding: a probe tip connector such as Tektronix part number 131-0258-00 is recommended. 6 CA3338, CA3338A CA3338 CLOCK 15 LE +5V +2.5V 1-7, 9 8 DATA BITS D0 - D7 VOUT 16 + R2 VREF+ 12 -2.5V R1 REMOTE VOUT + PROBE TIP OR BNC CONNECTOR VREF VEE 11 10 + R3 13 +5V VDD 14 8 COMP VSS DIGITAL GROUND ANALOG GROUND FUNCTION Oscilloscope Display Match 93 Cable Match 75 Cable Match 50 Cable CONNECTOR Probe Tip BNC BNC BNC R1 82 75 18 Short R2 62 160 130 75 R3 N/C 93 75 50 VOUT (P-P) 1V 1V 1V 0 79V NOTES: 3. VOUT(P-P) is approximate, and will vary as ROUT of D/A varies. 4. All drawn capacitors are 0.1F multilayer ceramic/4.7F tantalum. 5. Dashed connections are for unipolar operation. Solid connection are for bipolar operation. FIGURE 5. CA3338 DYNAMIC TEST CIRCUIT +6V CA3338 CLOCK 8 DATA BITS +5V + 4.7F TAN 0.1F CER. 1-7, 9 15 LE VOUT 12 D0 - D7 16 14 8 VDD 7, 8 +3.00V AT 25mA 14 392 1% 3 + 1k 10k R 392 1% 0.1F CER. 4.7F TAN 0.1F CER. + ADJUST OFFSET -6V 4.7F TAN 9 + 11 4, 5, 12, 13 4.7F TAN + 0.1F CER. 5pF 11 UP TO 5 OUTPUT LINES FOR R = 75, 3 LINES FOR R = 50 R VOUT1 6 VOUT = 1.5VPEAK VOUTN R R VREF+ 13 CA3450 COMPVREF VSS VEE 10 NOTES: 1. Both VREF+ pin and 392 resistor should be bypassed within 1/4 inch. 2. Keep nodal capacitance at CA3450 pin 3 as low as possible. 3. VOUT Range = 3V at CA3450. FIGURE 6. CA3338 AND CA3450 FOR DRIVING MULTIPLE COAXIAL LINES 7 CA3338, CA3338A TABLE 1. OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs INPUT CODE AND VREF VREF+ VREF STEP SIZE 2.50V 5.00V 4.608V 2.56V 5.12V -2.56V -2.50V 0 0 0 0.0200V 0.0195V 0.0180V 0.0200V 0.0195V Operating and Handling Considerations HANDLING All inputs and outputs of CMOS devices have a network for electrostatic protection during handling. Recommended handling practices for CMOS devices are described in AN6525. "Guide to Better Handling and Operation of CMOS Integrated Circuits." Input Code 111111112=FFHEX 5.1000V 4.9805V 4.5900V 2.5400V 2.4805V 111111102=FEHEX 5.0800 4.9610 4.5720 2.5200 2.4610 100000012=81HEX 100000002=80HEX 011111112=7FHEX 000000012=01HEX 000000002=00HEX 0.0200 0.0000 0.0195 0.0000 0.0180 0.0000 -2.5400 -2.4805 -2.5600 -2.5000 2.5800 2.5600 2.5400 2.5195 2.5000 2.4805 2.3220 0.0200 0.0195 2.3040 0.0000 0.0000 2.2860 - 0.0200 -0.0195 OPERATING OPERATING VOLTAGE During operation near the maximum supply voltage limit, care should be taken to avoid or suppress power supply turn-on and turn-off transients, power supply ripple, or ground noise; any of these conditions must not cause the absolute maximum ratings to be exceeded. INPUT SIGNALS To prevent damage to the input protection circuit, input signals should never be greater than VDD nor less than VSS . Input currents must not exceed 20mA even when the power supply is off. UNUSED INPUTS A connection must be provided at every input terminal. All unused input terminals must be connected to either VCC or GND, whichever is appropriate. Applications The output of the CA3338 can be resistively divided to match a doubly terminated 50 or 75 line, although peak-to-peak swings of less than 1V may result. The output magnitude will also vary with the converter's output impedance. Figure 5 shows such an application. Note that because of the HCT input structure, the CA3338 could be operated up to +7.5V VDD and VREF+ supplies and still accept 0V to 5V CMOS input voltages. If larger voltage swings or better accuracy is desired, a high speed output buffer, such as the HA-5033, HA-2542, or CA3450, can be employed. Figure 6 shows a typical application, with the output capable of driving 2V into multiple 50 terminated lines. 8 CA3338, CA3338A Dual-In-Line Plastic Packages (PDIP) N E1 INDEX AREA 1 2 3 N/2 E16.3 (JEDEC MS-001-BB ISSUE D) 16 LEAD DUAL-IN-LINE PLASTIC PACKAGE INCHES SYMBOL -B- MILLIMETERS MIN 0.39 2.93 0.356 1.15 0.204 18.66 0.13 7.62 6.10 MAX 5.33 4.95 0.558 1.77 0.355 19.68 8.25 7.11 NOTES 4 4 8, 10 5 5 6 5 6 7 4 9 Rev. 0 12/93 MIN 0.015 0.115 0.014 0.045 0.008 0.735 0.005 0.300 0.240 MAX 0.210 0.195 0.022 0.070 0.014 0.775 0.325 0.280 A E A2 L A C L -AD BASE PLANE SEATING PLANE D1 B1 B 0.010 (0.25) M D1 A1 A1 A2 -C- B B1 C D D1 E eA eC C e C A B S eB NOTES: 1. Controlling Dimensions: INCH. In case of conflict between English and Metric dimensions, the inch dimensions control. 2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982. 3. Symbols are defined in the "MO Series Symbol List" in Section 2.2 of Publication No. 95. 4. Dimensions A, A1 and L are measured with the package seated in JEDEC seating plane gauge GS-3. 5. D, D1, and E1 dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm). 6. E and eA are measured with the leads constrained to be perpendicular to datum -C- . 7. eB and eC are measured at the lead tips with the leads unconstrained. eC must be zero or greater. 8. B1 maximum dimensions do not include dambar protrusions. Dambar protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm). 9. N is the maximum number of terminal positions. 10. Corner leads (1, N, N/2 and N/2 + 1) for E8.3, E16.3, E18.3, E28.3, E42.6 will have a B1 dimension of 0.030 - 0.045 inch (0.76 - 1.14mm). E1 e eA eB L N 0.100 BSC 0.300 BSC 0.115 16 0.430 0.150 2.54 BSC 7.62 BSC 2.93 16 10.92 3.81 9 CA3338, CA3338A Small Outline Plastic Packages (SOIC) N INDEX AREA E -B1 2 3 SEATING PLANE -AD -CA h x 45o H 0.25(0.010) M B M M16.3 (JEDEC MS-013-AA ISSUE C) 16 LEAD WIDE BODY SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE INCHES SYMBOL A L MILLIMETERS MIN 2.35 0.10 0.33 0.23 10.10 7.40 MAX 2.65 0.30 0.51 0.32 10.50 7.60 NOTES 9 3 4 5 6 7 8o Rev. 0 12/93 MIN 0.0926 0.0040 0.013 0.0091 0.3977 0.2914 MAX 0.1043 0.0118 0.0200 0.0125 0.4133 0.2992 A1 B C D E A1 0.10(0.004) C e H h L N 0.050 BSC 0.394 0.010 0.016 16 0o 8o 0.419 0.029 0.050 1.27 BSC 10.00 0.25 0.40 16 0o 10.65 0.75 1.27 e B 0.25(0.010) M C A M B S NOTES: 1. Symbols are defined in the "MO Series Symbol List" in Section 2.2 of Publication Number 95. 2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982. 3. Dimension "D" does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusion and gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15mm (0.006 inch) per side. 4. Dimension "E" does not include interlead flash or protrusions. Interlead flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm (0.010 inch) per side. 5. The chamfer on the body is optional. If it is not present, a visual index feature must be located within the crosshatched area. 6. "L" is the length of terminal for soldering to a substrate. 7. "N" is the number of terminal positions. 8. Terminal numbers are shown for reference only. 9. The lead width "B", as measured 0.36mm (0.014 inch) or greater above the seating plane, shall not exceed a maximum value of 0.61mm (0.024 inch) 10. Controlling dimension: MILLIMETER. Converted inch dimensions are not necessarily exact. All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems. Intersil Corporation's quality certifications can be viewed at Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries. For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see 10 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course EE 459L taught by Professor Weber during the Spring '11 term at USC.

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