{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Handout+Chap.+8 - Definition Learning is a relatively...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Learning Chapter 8 2 Definition Learning is arelatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. We learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. 3 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning 4 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning 5 Response-Consequence Learning 6 Response-Consequence Learning
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 7 Pavlov’s Experiments 8 Pavlov’s Experiments 9 Acquisition Initial stage in classical conditioning in which an association between a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus takes place. 1. In most cases, for conditioning to occur, the neutral stimulus needs to come before the unconditioned stimulus. 2. The time in between the two stimuli should be about half a second. 10 Acquisition 11 Extinction 12 Spontaneous Recovery
Image of page 2
3 13 Stimulus Generalization Pavlov conditioned the dog’s salivation (CR) by using miniature vibrators (CS) on the thigh. When he subsequently stimulated other parts of the dog’s body, salivation dropped. 14 Stimulus Discrimination 15 Biological Predispositions Garcia showed that the duration between the CS and the US may be long (hours), but yet result in conditioning. A biologically adaptive CS (taste) led to conditioning and not to others (light or sound). 16 Biological Predispositions Even humans can develop classically to conditioned nausea. 17 1. Alcoholics may be conditioned (aversively) by reversing their positive-associations with alcohol.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern