Handout+Chap.+8

Handout+Chap.+8 - Definition Learning is a relatively...

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1 1 Learning Chapter 8 2 Definition Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. We learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. 3 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning 4 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning 5 Response-Consequence Learning 6 Response-Consequence Learning
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2 7 Pavlov’s Experiments 8 Pavlov’s Experiments 9 Acquisition Initial stage in classical conditioning in which an association between a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus takes place. 1. In most cases, for conditioning to occur, the neutral stimulus needs to come before the unconditioned stimulus. 2. The time in between the two stimuli should be about half a second. 10 Acquisition 11 Extinction 12 Spontaneous Recovery
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3 13 Stimulus Generalization Pavlov conditioned the dog’s salivation (CR) by using miniature vibrators (CS) on the thigh. When he subsequently stimulated other parts of the dog’s body, salivation dropped. 14 Stimulus Discrimination 15 Biological Predispositions Garcia showed that the duration between the CS and the US may be long (hours), but yet result in conditioning. A biologically adaptive CS (taste) led to conditioning and not to others (light or sound). 16 Biological Predispositions Even humans can develop classically to conditioned nausea. 17 1. Alcoholics may be conditioned (aversively) by reversing their positive-associations with alcohol. 2. Through classical conditioning, a drug (plus
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYC 7A taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '99 term at UC Irvine.

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Handout+Chap.+8 - Definition Learning is a relatively...

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