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Chapter 07 - Criminal Justice 4th Edition Chapter 7...

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Criminal Justice, 4 th Edition Chapter 7 Criminal Procedure and the Police
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Police and Criminal Procedure Police play an important role in criminal procedure Police observe behavior and make judgments regarding the legality of that behavior Several constitutional amendments guide the scope of police power and discretion Supreme court case rulings further inform the role police have and the extent to which they can use their power
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Terry v. Ohio (1968) Established the standard of ‘reasonable suspicion’ for a ‘stop’ , by interpreting the 4 th amendment Defined ‘stop’ vs. ‘arrest’ Defined ‘frisk’ vs. ‘search’
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Reasonable Suspicion Police officer has good reason to believe that criminal activity may be occurring Permits brief investigative inquiry of subject Is a lower threshold than probable cause
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‘Stop’ vs. ‘Arrest Stop interference with a person’s liberty or freedom, based upon reasonable suspicion of illegal activity
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‘Stop’ vs. ‘Arrest Arrest taking a person into custody for the purpose of prosecution, based upon probable cause
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