Handout+Chap.+13

Handout+Chap.+13 - Controversy 1) Does physiological...

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1 1 Emotion Chapter 13 2 Emotion Question: How do you know what emotion you are experiencing? 3 Theories of Emotion Emotions are a mix of 1) physiological activation, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience. 4 Controversy 1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow your emotional experience? 2) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion (feeling)? 5 James-Lange Theory The James-Lange Theory proposes that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience. 6 Cannon-Bard Theory Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard questioned the James- Lange Theory and proposed that an emotion-triggering stimulus and the body's arousal take place simultaneously.
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2 7 Two-Factor Theory Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed yet another theory which suggests our physiology and cognitions create emotions. Emotions have two factors– physical arousal and cognitive label. 8 Embodied Emotion We know that emotions involve bodily responses. Some of these responses are very noticeable (butterflies in our stomach when fear arises), but others are more difficult to discern (neurons activated in the brain). 9 Emotions and Autonomic Nervous System During an emotional experience, our autonomic nervous system mobilizes energy in the body that arouses us. 10 Arousal and Performance Arousal in short spurts is useful. We perform better under moderate arousal, but optimal performance varies with task difficulty. 11 Physiological Similarities Physiological responses related to the emotions of fear, anger, love, and boredom are very similar. 12 Physiological Differences Physical responses, like finger temperature and movement of facial muscles, change during fear, rage, and joy. The amygdala shows differences in activation during the emotions of anger and rage. Activity of the left hemisphere (happy) is different from the right (depressed) for emotions.
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3 13 Cognition and Emotion What is the connection between how we think (cognition) and how we feel (emotion)? Can we change our emotions by changing our thinking? 14
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYC 7A taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '99 term at UC Irvine.

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Handout+Chap.+13 - Controversy 1) Does physiological...

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