Test 2 Study Guide - BIOL 1300 Body Systems Know the...

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Unformatted text preview: BIOL 1300 Body Systems Know the functions of bones. Know the minerals stored in bones. Exam 2 Study Guide Candas CHAPTER 7 The Skeleton: Bones and Joints Understand the structure of a long bone. Understand how a long bone grows. Differentiate between compact bone and spongy bone with respect to structure and location. Differentiate between red and yellow marrow with respect to function and location. Know the three different types of cells in bone and know their functions. Understand the function of tendons or ligaments. Know the normal curves of the spine and their purpose. Know the five types of bone disorders. Know the types of fractures. Know the three types of joints. Know the structure of a synovial joint. Know the examples of synovial joints. Know the types of movements that occur at synovial joints. Understand arthritis, and know the types of arthritis. Know some causes of backache. CHAPTER 8 Muscular System Know the cellular organization of muscle cells. Know the three types of muscle tissue. Understand the cellular characteristics, control, and action of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle. Understand the “involuntary” and “voluntary” control. Know the functions of skeletal muscle. Understand how skeletal muscles contracts. Know the molecules and factors involved in muscle contraction. Understand the function of each substance needed in muscle contraction. Understand the function of oxygen in muscle contraction. Define the term “oxygen dept”. Know the compounds stored in muscle that are needed to generate energy in highly active muscle cells. Understand exercise‐induced changes in muscles. Know the difference between isotonic and isometric contractions. Understand how muscles work in pairs to produce movement Understand the workings of muscles and bones to lever systems. Understand how muscles are named. Know how muscles change with age. Know the major muscular disorders. BIOL 1300 Body Systems Exam 2 Study Guide Candas BIOL 1300 Body Systems • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Exam 2 Review Questions What is ossification? What are the cell types in the bone tissue? What are the functions of different bone cells in terms of maintaining bone tissue? What is the appendicular skeleton? What are the diseases involving bone tissue? What is a bone depression? How do electric impulses pass in the cardiac muscle? How do the muscle fibers organized in the muscle tissue? What is a neuromuscular junction? What is syntaptic cleft? How do different muscle tissues stimulated? What is the effect of exercise on cardiac muscles? Describe movement of body parts in terms of antagonistic, synergist and prime movement of muscles? What are the main molecules involved in muscle contraction? What are the functions of the molecules involved in muscle contraction? Describe how muscle tissue contracts and relax Describe muscle tone, isometric contraction and isotonic contraction? What are the bones located in the shoulder girdle? What is carpal tunnel syndrome? What is scoliosis? What are the aging‐associated in the skeletal? What is the medical/scientific names for slightly‐movable and immovable joints ? Give examples for joint disorders Where is patella located? BIOL 1300 Body Systems Exam 2 Study Guide Candas ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course BA 2301 taught by Professor Mattpolze during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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