PSY - Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology and Research...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is Psychology? Psychology Psyche: Mind Logos: Knowledge or study Definition: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior: Overt, i.e. can be directly observed (crying) Mental Processes: Covert, i.e. cannot be directly observed (remembering) Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 2
Empiricism: The Goals To measure and describe behaviors To gather empirical evidence: Information gained from direct observation and measurement To gather data: Observed facts Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Scientific Observation Definition: Designed and structured to answer questions about the world Research Method: A systematic procedure for answering scientific questions Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 4
Critical Thinking: Key Principles Few truths transcend the need for empirical testing Evidence varies in quality Authority or claimed expertise does not automatically make an idea true Critical thinking requires an open mind Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Critical Thinking Ability to analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information What would you expect to see if the claim were true? Gather evidence relevant to the claim Evaluate the evidence Draw a conclusion Oftentimes used in research Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 6
What Might a Psychologist Research? Development: Course of human growth and development Learning: How and why it occurs in humans and animals Personality: Traits, motivations, and individual differences Sensation and Perception: How we come to know the world through our five senses Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What Might a Psychologist Research? (cont.) Comparative: Study and compare behavior of different species, especially animals Biopsychology: How behavior is related to biological processes, especially activities in the nervous system Gender: Study differences between males and females and how they develop Social: Human and social behavior Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 8
What Might a Psychologist Research? (cont.) Cultural: How culture affects behavior Evolutionary: How our behavior is guided by patterns that evolved during our history Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What Are the Goals of Psychology? Description of Behaviors: Naming and classifying various observable, measurable behaviors Understanding: The causes of behavior(s), and being able to state the cause(s) Prediction: Predicting behavior accurately Control: Altering conditions that influence behaviors in predictable ways Positive Use: To control unwanted behaviors, (e.g., smoking, tantrums, etc.) Negative Use: To control peoples’ behaviors without their knowledge Table of Contents Exit
Background image of page 10
Fig. 1.1 Results of an empirical study. The graph shows that horn honking by frustrated motorists becomes more likely as air temperature increases. This suggests that physical discomfort is associated with interpersonal hostility. Riots and assaults also increase during hot weather. Here we see a steady rise in aggression as temperatures go higher. However, research done by other psychologists has shown
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Dobson during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 53

PSY - Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology and Research...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online