y50 - Thinking Critically with Psychological Science...

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Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Critical Thinking   thinking that does not blindly accept  arguments and conclusions examines assumptions discerns hidden values evaluates evidence
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Limits of Intuition and Common Sense Hindsight Bias   tendency to believe, after learning an  outcome, that one would have foreseen it  the “I-knew-it-all-along” phenomenon Overconfidence we tend to think we know more than we  do
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The Scientific Attitude Curiosity  a passion to explore and  understand without misleading or being mislead Skeptical , but not cynical (open, but not  gullible Willing to question any truth claim, asking for clarity in  definition, consistency in logic, adequacy of evidence  “Paul Kurtz” Humility – ability to reject one’s own ideas Smart Thinking=Critical Thinking
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Research Strategies Theory   an explanation using an integrated set of  principles that organizes and predicts  observations Hypothesis   a testable prediction often implied by a theory
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The Scientific Method generate or refine research and observations lead to hypothesis theories
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Research Strategies Operational Definition a statement of procedures (operations)  used to define research variables Example- intelligence may be operationally defined as  what an intelligence test measures
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Research Strategies Replication repeating the essence of  a research study to  see whether the basic finding generalizes to  other subjects and circumstances usually with different subjects in different  situations Case Study an observation technique in which one person is  studied in depth in the hope of revealing  universal principles
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Research Strategies Survey technique for ascertaining the self-reported  attitudes or behaviors of people usually by questioning a representative, random  sample of them False Consensus Effect tendency to overestimate the extent to which  others share our beliefs and behaviors
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y50 - Thinking Critically with Psychological Science...

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