y59 - Chapter 17 Therapies Table of Contents Exit What is...

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Table of Contents Exit Chapter 17 Therapies
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Table of Contents Exit What is Psychotherapy? Any psychological technique used to facilitate positive changes in personality, behavior, or adjustment; some types of psychotherapy: Individual: Involves only one client and one therapist Client: Patient; the one who participates in psychotherapy Rogers used “client” to equalize therapist-client relationship and de-emphasize doctor-patient concept Group: Several clients participate at the same time
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Table of Contents Exit More Types of Psychotherapy Directive: Therapist provides strong guidance Insight: Goal is for clients to gain deeper understanding of their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors Time-Limited: Any therapy that limits number of sessions Partial response to managed care and to ever- increasing caseloads Caseload: Number of clients a therapist actively sees
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 17.6 The dose-improvement relationship in psychotherapy. This graph shows the percentage of patients who improved after varying numbers of therapy sessions. Notice that the most rapid improvement took place during the first 6 months of once-a-week sessions. (From Howard et al., 1986.)
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Table of Contents Exit Origins of Therapy Trepanning: For primitive “therapists,” refers to boring, chipping, or bashing holes into a patient’s head; for modern usage, refers to any surgical procedure in which a hole is bored into the skull In primitive times it was unlikely the patient would survive; this may have been a goal Goal presumably to relieve pressure or rid the person of evil spirits Demonology: Study of demons and people beset by spirits People were possessed, and they needed an exorcism to be cured Exorcism: Practice of driving off an “evil spirit”; still practiced today!
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 17.1 Primitive “treatment” for mental disorders sometimes took the form of boring a hole in the skull. This example shows signs of healing, which means the patient survived the treatment. Many didn’t. © Daniella Pellagrini/Photo Researchers
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Table of Contents Exit Origins of Therapy (cont.) Ergotism: Psychotic-like symptoms that come from ergot poisoning Ergot is a natural source of LSD Ergot occurs with rye Philippe Pinel: French physician who initiated humane treatment of mental patients in 1793 Created the first mental hospital
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Table of Contents Exit CNN – Mental Health History
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Table of Contents Exit Psychoanalysis: Freud Hysteria: Physical symptoms (like paralysis or numbness) occur without physiological causes Now known as somatoform disorders Freud became convinced that hysterias were caused by deeply hidden unconscious conflicts Main Goal of Psychoanalysis: To resolve internal conflicts that lead to emotional suffering
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Table of Contents Exit Some Key Techniques of Psychoanalysis Free Association: Saying whatever comes to mind, regardless of how embarrassing it is By doing so without censorship and censure, unconscious
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Dobson during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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y59 - Chapter 17 Therapies Table of Contents Exit What is...

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