Handout+Chap.+15

Handout+Chap.+15 - Personality The Psychoanalytic...

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1 1 Personality Chapter 15 2 Personality The Psychoanalytic Perspective The Humanistic Perspective The Trait Perspective The Social-Cognitive Perspective 3 Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. 4 Psychodynamic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders. Their complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures 5 Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality, which included the unconscious mind , psychosexual stages, and defense mechanisms. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) 6 Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds ( free association ) in order to tap the unconscious.
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2 7 Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through interpreting manifest and latent contents of dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791) 8 Psychoanalysis The process of free association (chain of thoughts) leads to painful, embarrassing unconscious memories. Once these memories are retrieved and released ( treatment: psychoanalysis ) the patient feels better. 9 Model of Mind The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below the surface lies the unconscious mind. The preconscious stores temporary memories. 10 Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego). 11 Id, Ego and Superego The Id unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives, operating on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification. The ego functions as the “executive” and mediates the demands of the id and superego. The superego provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations. 12 Personality Development Freud believed that personality formed during the first few years of life divided into psychosexual stages . During these stages the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on pleasure sensitive body areas called erogenous zones .
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3 13 Psychosexual Stages 14 Oedipus Complex A boy’s sexual desire for his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. A girl’s desire for her father is called the Electra complex . 15 Defense Mechanisms The ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality. 1. Repression banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. 2. Regression leads an individual faced with anxiety to retreat to a more infantile psychosexual stage. 16
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYC 7A taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '99 term at UC Irvine.

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Handout+Chap.+15 - Personality The Psychoanalytic...

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