y46 - The Developing Person DevelopmentalPsychology

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The Developing Person Developmental Psychology   a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive  and social change throughout the life span
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Union of Egg and Sperm
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Prenatal Development Zygote the fertilized egg enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division develops into an embryo Embryo the developing human organism from 2  weeks through 2nd month Fetus the developing human organism from 9  weeks after conception to birth
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Prenatal Development   40 days      45 days     2 months    4 months
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Prenatal Development Teratogens agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that  can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal  development and cause harm  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) physical and cognitive abnormalities in  children caused by a pregnant woman’s  heavy drinking. symptoms include facial misproportions
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The Newborn Rooting Reflex tendency to open mouth, and search for  nipple when touched on the cheek Preferences human voices and   faces facelike images--> smell and sound of   mother       preferred   
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The Newborn Habituation decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation newborns become bored with a repeated stimulus, but  renew their attention to a slightly different stimulus
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The Newborn 10 20 0 30 40 50 60 70 80 Familiar stimulus Novel stimulus Percentage of time spent looking
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The Newborn 0 40 30 20 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Time spent looking (seconds) Presentation
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Physical Development Maturation biological growth  processes that enable  orderly changes in  behavior relatively uninfluenced  by experience sets the course for  development while  experience adjusts it At birth 3 months 15 months Cortical Neurons
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Infancy and Childhood Babies only 3  months old can  learn that  kicking moves  a mobile- and  can retain that  learning for a  month (Rovee- Collier, 1989).
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Cognitive Development Cognition mental activities associated with  thinking, knowing, and remembering Schema a concept or framework that  organizes and interprets information
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Cognitive Development Assimilation interpreting one’s new experience in  terms of one’s existing schemas Accommodation adapting one’s current  understandings (schemas) to  incorporate new information
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Typical Age Range Description of Stage Developmental Phenomena Birth to nearly 2 years Sensorimotor Experiencing the world through senses and actions (looking, touching, mouthing) Object permanence Stranger anxiety About 2 to 6 years About 7 to 11 years About 12 through adulthood Preoperational Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning Pretend play Egocentrism Language development Concrete operational
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y46 - The Developing Person DevelopmentalPsychology

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