y60 - Chapter 11 Intelligence Table of Contents Exit...

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Table of Contents Exit Chapter 11 Intelligence
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Table of Contents Exit Defining Intelligence Global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment Operational Definition : Operations used to measure a concept Aptitude : Capacity for learning certain abilities Multiple Aptitude Test : Test that measures two or more abilities General Intelligence Test : Test that measures a wide variety of mental abilities
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 11.1 Special aptitude tests measure a person’s potential for achievement in a limited area of ability, such as manual dexterity. Multiple aptitude tests measure potentials in broader areas, such as college work, law or medicine. Intelligence tests measure a very wide array of aptitudes and mental abilities
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Table of Contents Exit Fig.11.2 Sample questions like those found on tests of mechanical aptitude. (The answers are A and the Driver.)
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Table of Contents Exit Reliability Reliability : A measure should give the same score each time the same person takes it Test-Retest : Give test to a large group, then give exactly the same test to same group later Split-Half : Making sure scores on one-half of a test match the scores on the other half
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Table of Contents Exit Validity Validity : Ability of a test to measure what it is purported to measure Criterion Validity : Comparing test scores to actual performance Comparing SAT to college grades
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Table of Contents Exit Testing Intelligence Norm : Average score for a designated group of people Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale , Fifth Edition (SB5): Widely used individual intelligence test, derived directly from Alfred Binet’s first intelligence test; for ages 2-90! Chronological Age : Person’s age in years Mental Age : Average intellectual performance Intelligence Quotient (IQ): Intelligence index; mental age divided by chronological age, then multiplied by 100 Average IQ in the USA is 100
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Table of Contents Exit Fig.11.4 The stability or reliability of IQ scores increases rapidly in early childhood. Scores are very consistent from early adulthood to later middle age. (Source: Schuerger & Witt, 1989.)
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Table of Contents Exit More IQ Terms Deviation IQ : Scores based on a person’s relative standing in his or her age group; how far above or below average a person’s score is, relative to other scores IQ scores are not very dependable until a child reaches age 6 Terminal Decline : Abrupt decline in measured IQ about 5 years before death
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Dobson during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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y60 - Chapter 11 Intelligence Table of Contents Exit...

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