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Introduction to Sociology Professor Robert Brym Lecture #10 Gender Inequality 12 Jan 2011 Four Social Mechanisms that Four Social Mechanisms that Reinforce Gender Inequality Job discrimination Occupational segregation Incomparable worth Disproportionate family obligations Percent Women in Labour Force by Major Percent Women in Labour Force by Major Occupational Categories, Canada
1987 Managerial Professional Clerical and administrative Sales and service Primary industries (mining, farming, fishing, etc.) Trades, transport, and construction Processing, manufacturing, and utilities 30.1 50.4 73.9 55.2 19.7 5.2 32.4 2006 36.3 55.9 75.0 56.8 20.5 6.5 31.1 Percentage of Men and Women in Paid Percentage of Men and Women in Paid Labour Force
Percentage MaleFemale Difference, Rich Countries, 2008 Men Women
1946 2010 Paid and Unpaid Work, Men and Women, Paid and Unpaid Work, Men and Women, 2554 yrs., Canada, 1985 and 2005
Hours per day Men’s paid up 12 mins/day Men’s unpaid up 24 mins/day Women’s paid up 66 mins/day Women’s unpaid down 30 mins/day Men’s total up 36 min/day Ratio of Female to Male Earnings, by Ratio of Female to Male Earnings, by Marital Status, Canada, 19762008
Ratio of female to male earnings Nevermarried All Married Year 1976 1992 2008 Note: At the 19762008 rate of improvement, women’s earnings will equal men’s earnings in 2088. Public Spending on Family Benefits, Public Spending on Family Benefits, 2005 (cash, services and family tax breaks as percent of GDP) Percent Percent of children between the ages of 0 and 12 for whom there is a regulated child care space Child Care in Canada, by Province, 2007 Child Care in Canada, by Province, 2007 08 Province (government child care spending per child in parentheses) Women in National Parliaments, 2009, Women in National Parliaments, 2009, in percent (n=147)
Women as percent of total USA 71st @ 16.8% Canada 47th @ 22.1% World mean @ 18.6% Women in Canadian Political Parties, 1992 (in percent)
Percent Function ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course SYG 2000 taught by Professor Joos during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.
- Spring '08