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LEC14_10_crime - SOC101Y SOC101Y Introduction to Sociology...

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SOC101Y SOC101Y Introduction to Sociology Introduction to Sociology Professor Robert Brym Professor Robert Brym Lecture #14 Lecture #14 Crime and Deviance Crime and Deviance 9 Feb 2011 9 Feb 2011
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Definitions I Definitions I Deviance  involves breaking a norm and  eliciting a negative reaction from others. Informal punishment  is mild and may  involve raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism or  Stigmatization . When people are  stigmatized, they are negatively evaluated  because of a perceptible sign that  distinguishes them from others.  Formal punishment  results from people  breaking laws, which are norms stipulated  and enforced by government bodies. 
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Social diversions  are minor acts of  deviance such as participating in fads. Social deviations  are more serious acts.  A larger proportion of people agree they  are deviant and somewhat harmful, and  they are usually subject to institutional  sanction.  The state defines  conflict crimes  as  illegal but the definition is controversial in  the wider society.  Consensus crimes  are widely agreed to  be bad in themselves.  Definitions II  Definitions II 
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Power  is the probability that one actor  within a social relationship will be in a  position to carry out his or her own will  despite resistance. White collar crime  refers to illegal acts  committed by a person of respectability  and high social status in the course of his  or her occupation.  Street crimes  include arson, burglary,  robbery, assault, and other illegal acts.  They are committed disproportionately by  people from lower classes. Definitions III Definitions III
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Victimless crimes , such as prostitution  and illegal drug use, involve violations  of the law in which no victim steps  forward and is identified.  Self-report surveys  are especially  useful. In such surveys, respondents  are asked to report their involvement in  criminal activities, either as perpetrators  or victims.  Definitions IV Definitions IV
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