Chap 10 (Strat Systems)

Chap 10 (Strat Systems) - Chapter 10 Comparing Systems of...

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Chapter 10 Comparing Systems of Stratification
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Hunting and Gathering Societies (most common form of “Simple Society”) Death was the major fact of life. Experienced chronic famines and only occasional feasts. Stratified? Not much in terms of $ Primary bases of stratification were age and sex Small, poor, threatened societies = little stratification
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Agrarian Societies – live by farming Agriculture = more permanency, construct better shelters Agriculture = surplus food production (producing more than you need yourself) The capacity for labor to produce surplus was the basis for inequalities.
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Surplus = Stratification – Why? Someone “owns” field Surplus = specialization and urbanization – freed up others to think, invent, cure illness, etc. division of labor = power and status differences By owning another person one can own the surplus the other person produces.
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Surplus = Stratification (continued) Surplus supports a military, which is controlled by those in power Specialization = training and weapons… greater ability to exploit “Haves” educate themselves – time to study heavens, compose poems, etc. “Cultural wall” prevents upward mobility
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Industrial Societies = Less Stratification Greater productivity should produce greater stratification, right? Certainly this is what Marx predicted But, industrialization = increase in level of skill/training require Less replaceable Less replaceability = greater power Industrialization “forced” upward mobility Industrialization = decline in influence of ascription (in theory, societies can afford education for all)
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course SYG 2000 taught by Professor Joos during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Chap 10 (Strat Systems) - Chapter 10 Comparing Systems of...

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