Chap 11 (Race and Ethnic)

Chap 11 (Race and Ethnic) - Chapter 11 Racial and Ethnic...

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Chapter 11 Racial and Ethnic Inequality and Conflict
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Intergroup Conflict Much of the prejudice among groups is not based on race. Examples: Antagonisms between Protestants and Catholics in the U.S. during the 19th and 20th centuries. Conflict between English- and French- speaking Canadians. Continuing massacres in Africa. Tensions between groups in Iraq
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Ethnic Groups Groups with different cultural heritages. The differences must both bind a group together (sense of “we”) and separate it from other groups.
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Race A race is a human group with common biological features. Racial groups differ in skin color, eyelid shape, the color and texture of hair and blood type. Features of “race” on a continuum – humans draw the lines that “construct” race Racial differences are important only because people attach cultural meaning to them. Race matters because people believe race matters
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Theories Certainly possible to talk of “prejudice in the head” – personality – some have “it” some don’t But perhaps more fruitful to see prejudice in all of us What factors explain why prejudice so “normal”?
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Why is there intergroup conflict? Ethnocentrism – Belief in superiority of one’s own culture Stark critical of prejudice (ethnocentrism is one form) causes conflict argument But important to recognize this a tendency in all of us – law of liking, ingroup vs. outgroup Identifiability Physical differences makes it easy to think stereotypically (generalization that supposedly describes all members of a group) Catch yourself… he is a bad driver or (if different race) they are bad drivers
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Why continued… Competition Scarcity = competition = conflict/dislike Gordon Allport’s Nature of Prejudice Sherif and Sherif summer camp study Status Inequality (group differences in (property, power, prestige) Allport argued inequality reinforced dominant group’s views of superiority …and subordinate group’s views of inferiority Status Inequality = subordinate must submit
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Example: Catholics vs.
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