Chap 12 (Gender) - Chapter 12 Gender and Inequality Gender...

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Chapter 12 Gender and Inequality
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Gender Inequality in Premodern Societies Power % of societies Political leaders are always male 88 Leaders of kinship groups are always male 84 Women have equal political rights 10
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Gender Inequality in Premodern Societies Gender relations % of societies There is a significant amount of wife beating 80 There is an explicit view that men should and do dominate their wives 67 Women have little or no control over their marital and sex lives. 64 Wives display institutionalized deference to their husbands 65 Rape is frequent 62
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“A job is alright, but what most women really want is a home and children.” % who agree Nation Total population Men Women Lithuania 97 96 97 Russia 90 91 89 Japan 81 84 78 Chile 77 79 76 France 68 70 67 Mexico 61 64 57 United States 56 58 55 Canada 43 45 42 Denmark 25 25 25
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Most societies then and now are patriarchal Patriarchy means “rule of the fathers” – males dominate females Patriarchy often stems from sexism – belief that one sex innately superior to other Or is it the other way around (status inequality causes conflict?) No clear case of Matriarchy, but women’s power sometimes does rival men’s (e.g., industrialized countries, especially Scandinavian countries)
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Roots of patriarchy? Hunting and gathering roots? Bible and other religious teachings? Once patriarchy in place culture and socialization take over Pink world, blue world Interesting to imagine the various places males and females encounter these differences (family, media, school)
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Focus of Chap 12 narrow - Sex Ratios - Males per 100 Females Ratios rarely the same – many factors influence Migration patterns Wars Infanticide Other factors? Until the end of World War II, men outnumbered women in the United States. The 1990 census counted 95.5 males per 100 females.
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Western states (Alaska, Nevada, Hawaii, California) are the most “male” states. East and southeast (Mississippi, New
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Chap 12 (Gender) - Chapter 12 Gender and Inequality Gender...

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