201.06 Socialization - Socialization What happens in...

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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 1 Socialization What happens in socialization is that the social world is internalized within the child. The same process, though perhaps weaker in quality, occurs every time the adult is initiated into a new social context or a new social group. Society, then, is not only something “out there,” in the Durkheimian sense, but it is also “in here,” part of our innermost being. Peter L. Berger , Invitation to Sociology
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 2 Socialization: The Key to Our Humanity and personality Socialization is the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture. Social experience is also the foundation for the personality , a person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting.
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 3 Socialization: The Key to Our Humanity and personality o In the nineteenth century there was an intense debate regarding the relative importance of nature (biology) and nurture (socialization) in the shaping of human behavior. Modern sociologists view nurture as much more important than nature in shaping human behavior. Studies of twins (including identical twins) shows that socialization and heredity both contribute to human development The Nature vs Nurture debate continues
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 4 Socialization: The Key to Our Humanity and personality Research on the effects of social isolation has demonstrated the importance of socialization. All the evidence points to the crucial role in social development in forming personality. Harry and Margaret Harlow’s experimental work with rhesus monkeys. Studies of isolated children such as Anna, Isabelle, and Genie
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 5 Creating a sense of self : Cooley The Self and Socialization The formation of the self – the set of concepts we use in defining who we are – is a central part of the socialization process. The self emerges in the course of interaction with other people and represents the ideas we have regarding our attributes, capacities, and behavior. It typically includes an egocentric bias. Charles Horton Cooley’s notion of the looking-glass self highlights the point of view that our consciousness arises in a social context – , the idea that self-image is based on how others respond to us.
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 6 Creating a sense of self : Mead George Herbert Mead maintained that we gain a sense of self by acting toward ourselves in much the same fashion that we act toward others. Mead envisioned this process as a series of stages: In the play stage, the child plays roles modeled on significant others; followed by the game stage and then the generalized other stage.
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 7 Creating a sense of self : Mead ● The self is a dimension of personality composed of an individual’s self-awareness and self-image.
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