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201.08 Deviance - Deviance Crime Deviance And Social...

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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 1 Deviance Crime, Deviance And Social Control
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 2 What Do we want to Know How is deviance defined and who defines it Is it the person or the action? How is deviance distributed in society and how do we know What causes deviance How is deviance controlled
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 3 Social Control Social control : techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society Sanctions : penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm Society partly defined by people’s willingness to accept shared beliefs and practices Society can limit individual freedom and advance interests of some at expense of others
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 4 Conformity and Obedience Conformity : the act of going along with peers— individuals of our own status who have no special right to direct our behavior Obedience : compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 5 Informal and Formal Social Control Informal social control : used casually to enforce norms Formal social control : carried out by authorized agents Interplay between formal and informal social control can be complicated because we have to balance one source of control against another
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 6 Law and Society Some norms are so important to a society that they are formalized into laws Law : governmental social control Control theory : our connection to other members of society leads us to systematically conform to society’s norms
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© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 7 Defining Deviance Deviance is the violation of Norms, especially widely held norms Crime is an action declared illegal by some government or agency Usually, by a legislative body Sometimes by administrative actions Is all deviance criminal ? Pushing children into fashion shows, sports ?
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