CHFD 2204

CHFD 2204 - Family stress • Cortisol levels Presence of...

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CHFD 2200 NUTRITION IN ADOLESCENCE What body needs What body typically gets Fast food! Obesity Eating disorders *boys=>2700 calories *girls=>2200 calories Boys need more protein 3- 4 servings of calcium foods Iron—new muscle cells Adolescence=>period where exercise reduces Teenage years=>need 9 and a half hours of sleep Sleep Adolescents need more! Sleep-wake cycle changes Effects on functioning *1/2 adolescents get less than 7 hours of sleep
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*5% high schoolers =>8 hours of sleep *Thyroxin—helps body utilize growth hormone* Endocrine System Leptin—neurotransmitter made by fat cells Feedback loop occurs: hypothalamus communicates with pituitary Individual Differences in Timing of Puberty Heredity Nutrition exercise Body fat, leptin in girls Geographical location SES(access to resources)
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Unformatted text preview: Family stress • Cortisol levels Presence of unrelated male in home Other health issues in adolescence Sexual activity Teen pregnancy Substance use/abuse Characteristics of Sexually Active Adolescents • Personal: early puberty, tendency to violate norms, little religious involvement • Family: step, single-parent, or large family; parenting extremes • Peer: sexually active friends or siblings • Educational: poor school performance, low educational goals Risks for Teen Mothers • Education • Single parenthood • Poverty • Pregnancy & birth complications • Parenting skills—lower and lacking Substance Use in Adolescence • U.S. has highest rate of adolescent drug use of any industrialized nation • Use of substances in adolescents has stronger, more negative implications for human development than we had previously thought...
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  • Fall '10
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  • Sexually Active Adolescents, ron—new muscle cells, fat cells Feedback, Sleep-wake cycle changes, growth hormone* Endocrine

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CHFD 2204 - Family stress • Cortisol levels Presence of...

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