CHFD 3010 Chapter 7 - Chapter7 Loveand Communication...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Chapter 7 Love and  Communication  in Intimate  Relationships
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What Is Love? Difficult to define and/or measure Special attitude with behavioral and emotional components Different things to different people Difficult to measure
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Types of Love   Passionate Love Also known as romantic love or infatuation Intense psychological feelings Generalized physiological arousal Strong sexual desire Avoid conflict
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Types of Love Companionate Love Less intense than passionate love Friendly affection and deep attachment Familiarity and tolerance for short-comings More enduring than passionate love Although sex may be less exciting than passionate love, it is 
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Dimensions of Love Passion The motivational component that fuels romantic  feelings, physical attraction, and desire for sexual  interaction (addictive, intense) Intimacy Is the emotional component of love that encompasses  the send of being bonded with another person  (warmth, sharing, closeness) Commitment
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Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love
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Sternberg’s Triangular  Passion, Intimacy, and Commitment are the three love  components Passion builds then fades Intimacy and commitment continue to build Variations in components yield different kinds of love Intimacy alone = friendship Passion alone = infatuation Commitment alone = empty love
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Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love
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Lee’s Styles of Loving Romantic (eros) Game-playing (ludus) Possessive (mania) Compassionate (storge) Altruistic (agape) Pragmatic (pragma) Hypothesis that relationship success is influenced by 
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Falling in Love The “chemistry” of love Neurotransmitters Hormones released by the body that create physiological responses Norepinephrine Dopamine Phenylethylamine (PEA) Oxytocin Endorphins Loss of romantic love and neurotransmitter withdrawal
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Falling in Love   Proximity Proximity The geographic nearness of one person to another, which is an  important factor in interpersonal attraction Creates opportunities for interaction Mere exposure effect Familiarity breeds liking or loving A phenomenon in which repeated exposure to novel stimuli  tends to increase an individual’s liking for such stimuli Greater proximity often reflects shared interests If constantly “crossing paths” must have some 
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  Similarity Similarity Level of physical attractiveness Age, educational status, and religion Race and ethnicity Why Similarity? Share similar interests and activities
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CHFD 3010 Chapter 7 - Chapter7 Loveand Communication...

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