h8 - The Roman Empire Caesar Augustus 63 BC-14 AD Octavian...

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Unformatted text preview: The Roman Empire Caesar Augustus 63 BC-14 AD Octavian was winner of 18 years civil war Designated heir of Julius Caesar Was of the family of Caesar (adopted) so he took the name Caesar Given the name Augustus by the Senate Caesar Augustus Beginning the Empire Marked by the reign of Octavian Returned to principles of the republic (in theory) But, created important changes to make it work Senate received power of nominal governing Allowed free elections Accepted title princeps civitatis or first citizen ("prince") Initially offered to retire to private life Held a variety of jobs but ruled effectively regardless of position Auctoritas = prestige, power from trust, influence Who else has had this kind of power? How does a leader get this kind of power? Caesar Augustus Beginning the Empire Augustinian Code Roman Law was rewritten and solidified Basis of western laws today Equity Honest government Added to the road system 53,000 miles of paved roads Postal system and other city infrastructure Standard currency system Improved harbors Caesar Augustus Military Reduced the size but created a permanent army Territorial expansion Purpose: to consolidate boundaries, ensure peace Generalship given to loyalistsAgrippa and Tiberius German defeat/consolidation (Herman the German) Central Europe and the Balkans expansion Spain consolidation Africa, annexation of Egypt Pax Romana 60 million people in peace for more than 400 years Caesar Augustus Worship of Roma et Augustus Allowed the east and west unity of worship (each in their own way) Didnt push worship so as to not alienate local worship Caesar Augustus Succession No male heir Adopted nephew, Tiberius Smooth transition of leadership Stable leadership despite inept emperors Tiberius took the title "emperor" and all successors did the same Succession was a problem for the entire time of the empire Principal Roman Emperors Julio-Claudians Emperors who succeeded Caesar for 50 years Tiberius Ruled well if somewhat ineffective Retired due to opposition Caligula Insane Killed by troops Claudius Good administrator Uncomfortable around people (lame and stuttered) Nero Mother killed Claudius for Nero Nero killed his mother Seneca and Burrus (advisors, died from Nero pressure) Revolt and burning of the city Committed suicide Seneca Avoid shabby attire, long hair, an unkempt beard, an outspoken dislike for comfortable furnishings, and all other misguided and childish means of self- advertisement. It is not the man who has too little who is...
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h8 - The Roman Empire Caesar Augustus 63 BC-14 AD Octavian...

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