h16 - The Persian Wars Greeces Finest Hours Where is Persia...

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The Persian Wars Greece’s Finest Hours
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Where is Persia?
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Why Fight? Greeks had been settling on the west coast of Asia Minor (Persia) Persia conquered these colonies In 499 B.C. Greeks in these colonies revolted against Persian rule (they were used to ruling themselves—democracy) Athens sent troops to support the revolt
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Crushing the Revolt Emperor Darius of Persia crushed the revolt rather quickly He decided to punish Athens for helping the colonies After training for a few years Darius sent troops to invade Greece Sailed on to the Bay of Marathon
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The Battle of Marathon Athens asked Sparta to help, but Spartan troops would not arrive for 9 days (they were in the middle of religious festivals) Other jealous city-states decided not to help Athens against the Persian Empire So Athens took on the mighty Persian Empire by themselves
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A Serious Mismatch Persian troops—100,000 Athenian troops—20,000 Did Athens really have any hope against these odds?
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