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Unformatted text preview: PEARL HARBOR PEARL HARBOR
THE DAY OF INFAMY December 7, 1941 USS Arizona Causes… Causes… The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw The from China and Indochina from Japan thought that attacking the U.S. would Japan provide them an easy win, and a territory with abundant land and resources to rule once they were victorious. once The U.S. oil embargo against Japan was The hurting Japan’s economy hurting USS Arizona USS Arizona Major Combatants Major Combatants
Fleet of 6 Aircraft Carriers under the command of Admiral Nagumo and Admiral Yamamoto Aerial Assault Force under the command of Mitsuo Fuchida United States
Pearl Harbor Naval/Army Base under the command of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lt. General Walter C. Short Battle Sequence Battle Sequence 5 PHASE ATTACK BY JAPANESE… (as noted by the U.S. Navy) PHASE 1: Combined torpedo plane and dive bomber attacks lasting from 7:55 a.m. to 8:25 a.m. PHASE 2: Lull in attacks lasting from 8:25 8:40 a.m. PHASE 3: Horizontal bomber attacks from 8:40 – 9:15 a.m. PHASE 4: Dive bomber attacks between 9:159:45 a.m. PHASE 5: Warning of attacks and completion of raid after 9:45 a.m. Eyewitness Account Eyewitness Account Commander Mitsuo Fuchida “Veering right toward the west coast of the island, we could see that the sky over Pearl Harbor was clear. Presently the harbor itself bacame visible across the central Oahu plain, a film of morning mist hovering over it. I peered intently through my binoculars at the ships riding peacefully at anchor. One by one I counted them. Yes, the battleships were there all right, eight of them! But our last lingering hope of finding any carriers prestent was now gone. Not one was to be seen.” Warfare Used During Attack Warfare Japan
81 Fighter Planes 135 Dive Bombers 104 Horizontal Bombers 40 Torpedo Planes At least 5 Midget Submarines Warfare (continued) Warfare (continued) United States 108 Fighter Planes (59 not available for flight) 35 Army Bombers (27 not available for flight) 993 Army/Navy Antiaircraft Guns Casualties Casualties
Less then 100 men 29 planes 5 midget submarines 2,335 servicemen killed, 68 civilians killed, 1,178 wounded 188 planes 18 ships (8 battleships, 3 light cruisers, 3 destroyers, 4 other vessels) United States USS Arizona Burning: 1,100+ USS Arizona Burning: 1,100+ servicemen died on the ship Eyewitness Account Eyewitness Account Marine Corporal E.C. Nightingale “I was about three quarters of the way to the first platform on the mast when it seemed as though a bomb struck our quarterdeck. I could hear shrapnel or fragments whistling past me. As soon as I reached the first platform, I saw Second Lieutenant Simonson lying on his back with blood on his shirt front. I bent over him…He was dead…” Eyewitness Account Eyewitness Account Lt. Ruth Erickson, USN (Nurse) “The first patient came into our dressing room at 8:25 a.m. with a large opening in his abdomen and bleeding profusely. They started an intravenous and transfusion. I can still see the tremor of Dr. Brunson’s hand as he picked up the needle. Everyone was terrified. The patient died within the hour.” Effects/Outcome Effects/Outcome Japan dealt a seemingly crippling blow to the U.S. Pacific fleet (U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers: Lexington, Enterprise, & Saratoga were not in port) Japan began their quest for a Pacific empire The U.S. finally was forced to join World War II (“The Sleeping Giant was awakened”) The U.S. & Great Britain declare war on Japan (Dec. 8, 1941) Germany & Italy declare war on the U.S. (Dec. 11, 1941) December 8, 1941 FDR Speech December 8, 1941 FDR Speech
“Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - A date which will Yesterday, live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” Japan.” FDR Infamy Speech ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.
- Spring '08