h20 - PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introductory Remarks Historical...

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PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introductory Remarks Historical overview Islam as a monotheistic religion the Quran God or Allah pillars and values social code and reforms relation with other faiths the Sunni and Shiha sects Science and civilization Islam today, and Arab Americans Suggested reading, distribution of educational material Qs & As
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Islam Founder: Muhammad Ibn (son of) Adballah Born: 571 AD in Mecca, Arabia Descendant of Abraham Nicknames: Almustapha (the chosen), Alamin (the faithful) Titles: The prophet, the messenger (Alrasul) Tribe: Quraiysh Holy Book: The Quran, derived from ‘read’
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Quraiysh Qussaiy Abdmanaf Abdshams Hashem (Amneh+) Abdallah Abutalib Hamzeh Alabbas Abulahab Alhareth (661-750) (750-1258) Muhammad Ali Adbelmuttalib Ummayah Dynasty Abbbassides Dynasty Abraham Ismail Adnan
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Historical Overview
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Mecca Medinah The Levant Mesopotamia The fertile Crescent H I j a z EGYPT A R B Dynasties of the South
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Middle East, 7th Century The Arabian Peninsula The source of Arabs and the Semitic race Mostly desert, few urbanized areas Urban centers, Mecca Mainly tribal society First mention of ‘Arabs’, 854 B.C. Arabs of the North and Arabs of the South Dynasties in the south Religions Christianity (inclusive), Judaism (exclusive), polytheism The Sassanid or Persian Empire Ailing The Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire Christianity is the state religion, 3rd century A foreign occupying power Sectarian conflicts with the locals
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Byzantine Empire * Persian Empire An Arabian dynasty dynasty *
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• 571 Muhammad born in Mecca. • 610 First revelation in the Harraa cave (27 Ramadan). • 622 “Hijra”or Escape. Muhammad and followers escape prosecution and go to Almadinah (Yathrib). Year 1 in the Islamic calendar ‘Missionaries’ sent all over Arabia – building peaceful coalition • 629 Muhammad conquers Mecca peacefully (NO REVENGE) destroys idols in Alqaaba. single-handedly, brings peace to war-torn Arabia 632 Muhammad dies in Almadinah. Unmarked grave (his will) Islam, 610-632
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Islam by the death of Mohammed 632
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Abu-Bakr - 632-634 • The first elected official. Wise leader, crisis manager Omar Ibn Elkhattab - 634-644 • A first-rate statesman. Honest, modest and just. Conquered the Levant, Egypt, Iraq, Persia Damascus (9 / 635) and Jerusalem (5 / 638) surrender peacefully – Omar’s pledge to the Jerusalemites • A modern state: Treasury, communication, defense. Engraved currency. Othman bin Affan - 644-656 Collected and compiled the Quran Emergence of power struggle Ali Bin Abitalib - 656-661 Power struggle escalated to armed conflict Emergence of political parties End of democracy. Ummayah Dynasty in Damascus, Muawyia (661-680) 632-661: the Four Elected Successors (Caliphs )
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Islam at 644, the year Omar died
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The Ummayah Dynasty, 661-750 • Empire center and capital move to Damascus Expansion: All N. Africa (Atlantic), W. Europe, much of C. Asia, the wall of China 711: Conquer of Spain and Portugal.
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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h20 - PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introductory Remarks Historical...

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